Bengal famine of 1943
|Bengal famine of 1943|
|Location||Bengal and Orissa.|
|Total deaths||Estimated 2.1 to 3 million in Bengal alone|
The Bengal famine of 1943 was a famine in the Bengal province of British India during World War II. Between 2.1 and 3 million people died in the famine. They died mainly of starvation, malaria, and not having the right health care.
Historians usually say that the famine was caused by policies by the British government at the time.
The famine caused men to sell their farms and find work somewhere else. Families were made homeless and starving. Many had to move to cities like Calcutta to look for help. Some scholars say that small famines happen naturally but that large ones have man-made causes like war.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ Maharatna 1992, pp. 320–333. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMaharatna1992 (help)
- ↑ Maharatna (1996, pp. 214–231) harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFMaharatna1996 (help)
- ↑ Dyson & Maharatna (1991) harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFDysonMaharatna1991 (help)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 A. Sen 1976 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFA._Sen1976 (help); A. Sen 1981a sfnm error: no target: CITEREFA._Sen1981a (help); Ó Gráda 2015, p. 90 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFÓ_Gráda2015 (help).
- ↑ Famine Inquiry Commission 1945a, p. 67 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFFamine_Inquiry_Commission1945a (help); Greenough 1980, pp. 227–228 sfnm error: no target: CITEREFGreenough1980 (help).