|Shaheed Bhagat Singh|
This photograph was clicked in a photo studio of Delhi before going for Central Assembly Hall action in first week of April 1929
|Born||28 September 1907. Nahrosa farm, Jaranwala Tehsil, Lyaalpur Punjab, British India|
|Died||23 March 1931. (aged 23)
Lahohre, Punjab, British India
|Organization||Naujawan Bharat Sabha,
Kirti Kisan Party,
Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
|Movement||Indian Independence movement|
|Religion||Sikh jat (early life),
Atheism (later life)
Bhagat Singh also known as Shaheed Bhagat Singh (28 September 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian socialist and a revolutionary. He is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement.
He was born in a Sikh jat family on 28 September 1907 in a farm. His family had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj. When Bhagat Singh was a teenager, he studied European revolutionary movements. He became attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies.
He became involved in numerous revolutionary activities. He quickly gained prominence in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and became one of its chief leaders. Eventually, the name of the organization was changed to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). This happened in the year 1928.
Lala Lajpat Rai was killed at the hands of the police. Bhagat Singh wanted revenge for this incidence. He became involved in the murder of the British Police Officer John Saunders. The police tried to capture him. However, Bhagat Singh was successful in avoiding arrest.
He made a plan to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly. He partnered with Batukeshwar Dutt for this task. He bombarded the assembly with two bombs. They were shouting slogans of revolution and threw pamphlets.
After the bombarding, they surrendered. He was held on this charge in prison. He underwent a 116-day fast in jail and so he did not have food for that long. He did this to demand equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners. In response to this determined protest, he gained nationwide support.
His mentor as a young boy was Kartar Singh Sarabha, whose photo he always carried in his pocket. Singh is himself considered a martyr by Indians for acting to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. After studying the Russian Revolution, he wanted to die so that his death would inspire the youth of India to fight the British Empire. While in prison, Singh and two others had written a letter to Lord Irwin, wherein they asked to be treated as prisoners of war and consequently to be executed by firing squad and not by hanging. Prannath Mehta, Singh's friend, visited him in the jail on 20 March, four days before his execution, with a draft letter for clemency, but he declined to sign it. He was executed on 23 March 1931.
References[change | change source]
- Singh, Bhagat (5–6 October 1930). "Why I am an Atheist" (in Punjabi). http://www.marxists.org/archive/bhagat-singh/1930/10/05.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Panikkar, K.N. (20 October 2007). "Celebrating Bhagat Singh". Frontline. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hindu.com%2Ffline%2Ffl2421%2Fstories%2F20071102500100400.htm&date=2012-03-30. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Datta, V. N. (11 March 2007). "Understanding Bhagat Singh". The Tribune (India). http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070311/spectrum/book1.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Dasgupta, Saibal (22 September 2010). "Bhagat Singh was set to become a Gandhian: Historian". The Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Bhagat-Singh-was-set-to-become-a-Gandhian-Historian/articleshow/6607297.cms. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Chopra, R. M., an article on Bhagat Singh in "The Legacy of the Punjab", 1997, Punjabee Bradree, Calcutta