Bhimsen Thapa

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Sri Mukhtiyar General Saheb

Bhimsen Thapa
श्री मुख्तियार जर्नेल साहेब
भीमसेन थापा
Bhimsen-thapa-painting.jpg
Bhimsen Thapa, the Mukhtiyar (equal to Prime Minister) of Nepal from 1806 to 1837
Mukhtiyar of Nepal
In office
1806–1837
MonarchGirvan Yuddha Bikram Shah Deva
Rajendra Bikram Shah
Preceded byRana Bahadur Shah
as Mukhtiyar
Succeeded byRana Jang Pande
Commander-in-Chief
Preceded byDamodar Pande
Succeeded byRana Jang Pande
Personal details
Born(1775-08-00)August 1775
Pipal Thok village, Gorkha district, Nepal
Died5 August 1839(1839-08-05) (aged 64)
Bhim-Mukteshowr, Kathmandu, Nepal
NationalityNepali
RelationsNain Singh Thapa (brother)
Ambika Devi Kunwar (sister)
Bhaktabar Singh Thapa (brother)
Ranabir Singh Thapa (brother)
Balbhadra Kunwar (nephew)
Queen Tripurasundari of Nepal (niece)
Ujir Singh Thapa (nephew)
Mathabarsingh Thapa (nephew)
Jung Bahadur Rana (grand-nephew)
Ranodip Singh Kunwar (grand-nephew)
ChildrenLalita Devi Pande
Janak Kumari Pande
Dirgha Kumari Pande[1]
MotherSatyarupa Maya
FatherAmar Singh Thapa (sanu)
ResidenceThapathali Durbar (1798-1804), Bag Durbar (1804-)[2]
Military service
Allegiance   Nepal
Branch/serviceNepal Army
RankCommander-in-Chief
CommandsCommander-in-Chief
Battles/warsAnglo-Nepalese War

Bhimsen Thapa About this soundlisten  (Nepali: भीमसेन थापा; August 1775 – 5 August 1839) was the Mukhtiyar[note 1] (equal to prime minister) and real ruler of Nepal from 1806 to 1837.

Bhimsen was appointed as Hajuriya (personal secretary) of King Rana Bahadur Shah in 1797. Bhimsen went together with Rana Bahadur Shah to Varanasi, India on 1800 after the King was forced by the general people to leave Nepal. In Varanasi, Bhimsen helped the former King Rana Bahadur to prepare for his return to power in 1804. Later, Rana Bahadur dismissed and ordered death penalty to the existing Nepalese mimisters on 1804. He made Bhimsen a kaji (equivalent to a minister) of the newly formed government in 1804. Rana Bahadur's murder by his step brother Sher Bahadur in 1806 allowed Bhimsen to kill ninety-three people as criminals. After that, he was given the title of the mukhtiyar (equivalent to prime minister).

He ordered various unification campaigns in the West to increase Nepalese boundary. Kangda, Kumaon and Gadhwal kingdom was won by Nepal in the battle. His second brother General Kaji Nain Singh Thapa died in the battle. In 1811, he was made the Commander-in-Chief of Nepalese army for the first time. In November 1814, his father General Sanukaji Amar Singh Thapa died who was defending the His niece Queen Lalita Tripurasundari was the youngest wife of King Rana Bahadur Shah and the ruling Queen Mother. In 1814, he accepted the British India company challenge to start Anglo-Nepalese War. He lost the war but remained independent from British. He built the Dharahara (Bhimsen Tower), watertaps, ponds, pavements and many temples.

References[change | change source]

Footnotes[change | change source]

  1. The position of Mukhtiyar was nearly equal to a prime minister. The first Mukhtiyar to title himself as a prime minister, as per the British tradition, was Bhimsen's nephew, Mathabar Singh Thapa.[3]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Paudel, Punya Prasad (2006). Aatreya dekhi Paudel samma. Paudel Society for Cultural Promotion. p. 101.
  2. Pradhan 2012, pp. 23-24.
  3. Kandel 2011, p. 10.

Books[change | change source]