Black people is a term that is used for a racial group of people with a dark skin color. The meaning of the word is mainly used for people of sub-Saharan African descent. A meaning that also includes certain groups in Oceania and Southeast Asia.[note 1]
Europe[change | change source]
Black people in the United Kingdom are called black British. They make up 3.3% of the people in the UK.
South Africa[change | change source]
During apartheid people in South Africa were classified into four main races: : Black, White, Asian (mostly Indian), and Coloured. Under apartheid black people were treated the mostly badly. Coloured people were treated slightly less badly. In South Africa Chinese people who lived there during apartheid are classed as black. About 80% of people in South Africa are black African. The income of the average white South African household is six times as much as that of the average black South African household. 14% of black South Africans have HIV. 0.3% of Indians and whites do.
India and Pakistan[change | change source]
United States[change | change source]
Black people can also have light skin because of illness. Michael Jackson, another American singer, was born with brown skin but his skin became light because of a disease called vitiligo. A black person may be called white by other black people if they do not associate themselves with black culture. White people may also be called black. White men race mixed with their black female slaves during slavery in the South causing miscegenation and producing mulatto slaves. Some mulatto slaves married white men. Some black Americans have English American ancestry and some white American descendants of slave owners have African ancestry from slavery. Some Afro-Americans also have Native American ancestry. Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Cubans, Afro-Latinos and Afro-Brazilians can also be considered Afro-American besides of their African ancestry from the slave trade. White women also mated with black male slaves during slavery. Louisiana, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, South Carolina, Georgia, Missouri and Arkansas had the most slaves. Most white male slave owners were English Americans and British colonists. Slave traders were white men from England. Ben Affleck, Paula Deen, George W. Bush and country singer Reba McEntire are some notable white Americans who are descendants of slave owners in the United States. Biracial president Barack Obama was the first Afro-American president.
Latin America[change | change source]
White men who were Spanish colonizers shipped African slaves to Latin American countries such as Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Venezuela, Cuba, Guatemala, Panama, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic because of the decline of Native Americans from smallpox and disease. Native Americans were initially slaves but white Europeans turned to Africans because of the mass decline of the Native American population. Many Mestizos and Hispanics have African DNA from the slave trade because of the race mixing with white people, African slaves and Native Americans. Many African ex-slaves in Latin America are mixed-race and have Native American and Spanish ancestry. Racial whitening was a policy in Brazil to turn African slaves white in the future and to improve the uncivilized, undesirable African race. "Mestizaje" in Latin America by the Spanish was similar to the racial whitening that happened in Brazil.
Notes[change | change source]
- Other isolated groups in Southeast Asia sometimes grouped as black include the Austronesians and Papuans, the Andamanese islanders, the Semang people of the Malay peninsula, the Aeta people of Luzon, and some other small populations of indigenous peoples.
References[change | change source]
- black. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved April 13, 2007, from Dictionary.com website
- "47. Relatives Western Asia". Andaman.org. Retrieved 2010-04-10.