Bluehenge (or Bluestonehenge or West Amesbury Henge) is a prehistoric henge and stone circle monument. It was discovered by the Stonehenge Riverside Project about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. All that remains of the site is the ditch of the henge and a series of stone settings, none of which is visible above ground.
Excavation revealed two flint chisel arrowheads in a style commonly used during 3400-2500 BC. The stones have been put up in that period. It is estimated that there may have been as many as 27 stones in a circle 33 feet (10 m) wide.
The name "Bluestonehenge" is from the small stone chips found in some of the stone settings. These bluestones are also found in Stonehenge and consist of a wide range of rock types originally from Pembrokeshire West Wales, some 150 miles (240 km) away. Archaeologists think any bluestones in the circle may have been removed around 2500 BC and used at Stonehenge, which had major rebuilding at about that time.
The stone circle settings were surrounded by a henge, comprising an 82-foot-wide (25 m) ditch and outer bank which appears to date from approximately 2400 BC.
References[change | change source]
- Historic England. "West Amesbury Henge (1580342)". PastScape
- "Mini-Stonehenge find 'important'". BBC. 3 October 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2009.
- Newhenge, British Archaeology 110, January / February 2010, ISSN 1357-4442
- Derbyshire, David 2009. Bluehenge unearthed: prehistoric site that could be famous stone circle's little sister. London: Daily Mail. 
- Archaeologist at University finds 'Bluestonehenge' site. Sheffield University.