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Norwegian Bokmål
norsk   •   bokmål
Pronunciation[nɔʂk] • [ˈbuːkmɔːl]
Native toNorway, Denmark
Native speakers
~ 5.32 million
Standard forms
Bokmål (official)
Riksmål (unofficial)
Latin (Norwegian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
Nordic Council
Regulated byNorwegian Language Council (Bokmål proper)
Norwegian Academy (Riksmål)
Language codes
ISO 639-1nb
ISO 639-2nob
ISO 639-3nob
Linguasphere52-AAA-ba to -be &
52-AAA-cd to -cg
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Bokmål (UK: /ˈbkmɔːl/, US: /ˈbʊk-, ˈbk-/;[1][2][3][4] lit.'book language')[5] is one of two official written forms of Norwegian; the other is Nynorsk. Bokmål is used by 85-90%[6] of the population in Norway and the usual way to teach to foreign students.

Bokmål is regulated by the government's Norwegian Language Council. A more conservative orthographic standard is called Riksmål, which is regulated by the non-governmental Norwegian Academy for Language and Literature.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bokmål". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  2. "Bokmål". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  3. "Bokmål" Archived 2019-05-01 at the Wayback Machine (US) and "Bokmål". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  4. "Bokmål". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. Vikør, Lars. "Bokmål". Store norske leksikon. Oslo: University of Oslo. Retrieved 17 July 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Vikør, Lars. "Fakta om norsk språk". Retrieved 2009-08-04.