Boko Haram is a branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. It has been active in Nigeria since 2009. The name of the group means "Western" or "non-Islamic" education is a sin. The group is active in the north of Nigeria, and wants to impose Islamic law as the only law in Nigeria. It also wants to outlaw education that is not based on Islam in the country. The group sees itself as similar to the Taliban, which are active in Afghanistan. Locally, the group is known as the "Taliban". The official name of the group is Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati wal-Jihad, which in Arabic means "People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad."  They also call themselves Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP).
The group was formed in Maiduguri in 2002. They follow Sunni Islam. Local residents of the area soon called the group Boko Haram. Loosely translated from the local Hausa language, this means Western education is forbidden. Residents gave it the name because of its strong opposition to Western education, which it sees as corrupting Muslims. The term "Boko Haram" comes from the Hausa word 'boko' meaning "Animist, western or otherwise non-Islamic education" and the Arabic word 'haram' figuratively meaning "sin" (literally, "forbidden").
Boko Haram opposes not only Western education, but Western culture and modern science as well. The group also forbids the wearing of shirts and pants and the act of voting in elections. In its view, the Nigerian state is run by non-believers.
In a 2009 BBC interview, Mohammed Yusuf, the group's leader at the time, stated that he rejects the fact that the earth is a sphere and views it as contrary to Islam, along with Darwinism and the fact that rain comes from water evaporated by the sun.
There are a number of terrorist activities for which Boko Haram have claimed responsibility:
- In December 2010, the group stormed and released hundreds of inmates from Bauchi prison.
- In the same month, there was a bombing in Jos (Plateau state) that saw 80 people dead followed by an attack on Abuja barracks.
- 2010-2011 was a year in which dozens of civilians were killed in various shootings that took place in Maiduguri and in addition, the Abuja Police Headquarters and the United Nations Headquarters
Boko Haram became part of Islamic State in March 2015.
References[change | change source]
- allAfrica.com: Nigeria: We Are Responsible for Borno Killings, Says Boko Haram
- "Nigeria policemen in court trial for Boko Haram killing". BBC News. 2011-07-13. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14136185.
- Chothia, Farouk (2011-08-26). "Who are Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamists?". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13809501. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- "Nigeria's 'Taliban' enigma". BBC News. 2009-07-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/low/africa/8172270.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
- maguzawa.dyndns.ws (Hausa-English dictionary)
- *Coulmas, Florian (1999). The Blackwell encyclopedia of writing systems. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 196. ISBN 063121481X.
- Austin, Peter K.. One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost. University of California Press. p. 64. ISBN 0520255607.
- Africa. London, England: BBC. 2009-07-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8169359.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-02.