Bombing of Guernica

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Operation Rügen
Part of the Spanish Civil War
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H25224, Guernica, Ruinen.jpg
Ruins of Guernica (1937)
Type Aerial bombing
Location Guernica, Basque Country, Spain
Planned by National Defense Junta
Objective
Date 26 April 1937; 85 years ago (1937-04-26)
16:30 – 19:30 (CET)
Executed by Nazi Germany Condor Legion

The bombing of Guernica (26 April 1937) was an aerial bombing of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. It was mainly carried out by the Nazi German Luftwaffe's Condor Legion and the Fascist Italian Aviazione Legionaria.

The attack is controversial because of the bombing of civilians by a military air force, which is seen as a war crime.