Bordeaux

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Bordeaux
Prefecture and commune
'Clockwise from top: Place de la Bourse by the Garonne, Allees du Tourny and Maison de Vin, Pierre Bridge on the Garonne, Meriadeck Commercial Centre, front of Palais Rohan Hotel, and Saint-Andre Cathedral with Bordeaux Tramway
'Clockwise from top: Place de la Bourse by the Garonne, Allees du Tourny and Maison de Vin, Pierre Bridge on the Garonne, Meriadeck Commercial Centre, front of Palais Rohan Hotel, and Saint-Andre Cathedral with Bordeaux Tramway
Coat of arms of Bordeaux
Coat of arms
Motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem.
"The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion" (in French: Seule la Fleur de Lys règne sur la lune, les vagues, le château et le lion)
Bordeaux is located in France
Bordeaux
Bordeaux
Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°35′W / 44.84°N 0.58°W / 44.84; -0.58Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°35′W / 44.84°N 0.58°W / 44.84; -0.58
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Bordeaux
Canton 5 cantons
Intercommunality Bordeaux
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020[1]) Alain Juppé (LR)
Area1 49.36 km2 (19.06 sq mi)
 • Urban (2010) 1,172.79 km2 (452.82 sq mi)
 • Metro (2010) 5,613.41 km2 (2,167.35 sq mi)
Population (2014[2])2 246,586
 • Rank 9th in France
 • Density 4,995.7/km2 (12,938.7/sq mi)
 • Urban (January 2011) 760,933 [3]
 • Metro (2013) 1,195,335[4]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 33063 /
Website

www.bordeaux.fr

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Bordeaux, Port of the Moon
Criteria Cultural: ii, iv
Reference 1256
Inscription 2007 (31st Session)
Area 1,731 ha
Buffer zone 11,974 ha

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bordeaux is a city in the Gironde department of France. It is on the Garonne River near the Atlantic Ocean. About 1,150,000 people live in the area around the city. Bordeaux has a temperate oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification). It is famous for wines made in the region near the city. Bordeaux is also famous for its art.

Bordeaux is classified as a "City of Art and History". The city is home to 362 monuments historiques. Some buildings date back to Roman times. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5]

History[change | change source]

Bordeaux, Port of the Moon *
Country France
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1256
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2007 (31st Session)

In about 300 BC Bordeaux was the settlement of a Celtic tribe. They named the town Burdigala. The Romans began rule of the city around 60 BC. Later it became capital of Roman Aquitaine. In the 400s the city was looted by the Vandals, Visigoths, and Franks.

After the Battle of Poitiers, Duke Eudes was able to hold only a small part of Aquitaine where Bordeaux was located. It became one of the last cities to fall under King Pepin the Short.

Bordeaux once again became an important city after the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine with Count Henri Plantagenet. He became King Henry II of England only months after their marriage.

In 1653 Bordeaux was added to the Kingdom of France, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city.

In 1870 the French government moved to Bordeaux for a time. This was at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war against Prussia. The temporary move happened again during World War I and again very briefly during the World War II.

Education[change | change source]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Bordeaux is twinned with:

Partnerships[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Alain Juppé élu officiellement maire par les conseillers, ce vendredi" [Alain Juppe officially elected mayor by the councillors", 28 March 2014]. 20minutes.fr (in French). [dead link]
  2. "Taille des communes les plus peuplées en 2012". INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  3. Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Unité urbaine 2010 de Bordeaux (33701), INSEE.Retrieved 2 August 2014
  4. "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Aire urbaine 2010 de Bordeaux (006)". INSEE. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  5. "Bordeaux, Port of the Moon". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 May 2017.