Brown fur seal

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Brown fur seal
Arctocephalus pusillus - SE Tasmania.jpg
Hauling-out on the Hippolyte Rocks off the east coast of Tasmania
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Clade: Pinnipediformes
Clade: Pinnipedia
Family: Otariidae
Genus: Arctocephalus
Species:
A. pusillus
Binomial name
Arctocephalus pusillus
(Schreber, 1775)
Subspecies
  • A. p. pusillus
  • A. p. doriferus
Arctocephalus pusillus distribution.png
Distribution of the brown fur seal, dark blue: breeding colonies; light blue: nonbreeding individuals

The brown fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus), is a type of fur seal. It is also called the Cape fur seal, South African fur seal and Australian fur seal. [2]

Description[change | change source]

Adult male brown fur seals are dark gray to brown, with a darker mane of short, coarse hairs and a light belly. Adult females are light brown to gray, with a light throat and darker back and belly. The front flippers of the fur seal are dark brown to black. Pups are born black and molt to gray with a pale throat within 3-5 months.

Ecology[change | change source]

Predators[change | change source]

The brown fur seal's main predator is the great white shark. Other predators include, killer whales and southern elephant seals. Land predators include black-backed jackals and brown hyenas on the Skeleton Coast in Namibia.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hofmeyr, G. & Gales, N. (2008). "Arctocephalus pusillus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. "Fur Seals | National Geographic". Animals. 2010-04-11. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  3. Penry, Gwenith S.; Baartman, Ashwynn C.; Bester, Marthán N. (2013). "Vagrant elephant seal predation on Cape fur seal pups, Plettenberg Bay, South Africa".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)