Bruce M. Metzger

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Bruce M. Metzger
Bruce Metzger.JPG
Born
Bruce Manning Metzger

(1914-02-09)February 9, 1914
DiedFebruary 13, 2007(2007-02-13) (aged 93)
Spouse(s)
Isobel Metzger (m. 1944)
Academic background
Alma mater
  • Lebanon Valley College
  • Princeton Theological Seminary
ThesisStudies in a Greek Gospel Lectionary (Greg. 303) (1942)
Academic work
InstitutionsPrinceton Theological Seminary
Notable studentsMichael J. Gorman, Bart D. Ehrman

Bruce Manning Metzger (February 9, 1914 – February 13, 2007) was an American biblical scholar, Bible translator and textual critic, a longtime professor at Princeton Theological Seminary and Bible editor of the American Bible Society and United Bible Societies. He was a scholar of Greek, and New Testament textual criticism, and wrote prolifically on these subjects. Metzger was one of the most influential New Testament scholars of the 20th century.

Works[change | change source]

List of books[change | change source]

  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1942). Studies in a Greek Gospel Lectionary (Greg. 303) (Ph.D.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1955). Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. OCLC 2132643.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1957). Introduction to the Apocrypha. New York: Oxford University Press. OCLC 361082.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1961). List of Words Occuring Frequently in the Coptic New Testament (Sahidic Dialect). Leiden: Brill. – note: "occuring" is misspelled in the published title
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Metzger, Isobel M. (1962). The Oxford Concise Concordance to the Revised Standard Version of the Holy Bible (1st ed.). London: Oxford University Press.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1963). Chapters in the History of New Testament Textual Criticism. New Testament Tools and Studies. 4. Leiden: Brill.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1964). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, And Restoration (1st ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1965). The New Testament: Its Background, Growth and Content (1st ed.). New York: Abingdon Press. ISBN 978-0-6872-7913-5. OCLC 341779.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1968). Historical and Literary Studies: Pagan, Jewish, and Christian. Leiden: Brill.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1977). The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission, and Limitations. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-1982-6170-4. OCLC 3155516.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1980). New Testament Studies: Philological, Versional, and Patristic. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-9-004-06163-7.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1981). Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-02924-6. OCLC 6943206.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1983). The Reader's Bible: condensed from the Revised Standard Version Old and New Testaments. Pleasantville, NY: Readers' Digest Association. ISBN 978-0-895-77106-3. OCLC 8817548.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Denton, Robert C.; Harrelson, Walter (1991). The Making of the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-802-80620-8.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D., eds. (1993). The Oxford Companion to the Bible. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-04645-8. OCLC 27895183.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1994). Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament: a companion volume to the United Bible Societies' Greek New Testament (third edition). London ; New York: United Bible Societies. ISBN 978-3-438-06010-5. OCLC 683422.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1997). The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-198-26180-3. OCLC 14188714.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1997). Reminiscences of an Octogenarian. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers. ISBN 978-1-5656-3264-6.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1999). Breaking the Code: Understanding the Book of Revelation (Leader's ed.). Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press. ISBN 978-0-6874-9779-9.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Aland, Barbara; et al. (2000). Greek New Testament. Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. ISBN 978-3-438-05110-3.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D., eds. (2001). The Oxford Guide to People & Places of the Bible. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195146417. OCLC 45439956.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (2001). The Bible in Translation, Ancient and English Versions. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. ISBN 978-0-801-02282-1. OCLC 47100891.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Coogan, Michael D., eds. (2002). The Oxford Essential Guide to Ideas and Issues of the Bible. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-14917-3. OCLC 47074788.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (2002). The New Testament: Its Background, Growth and Content (Reprint ed.). Cambridge: James Clarke & Co. ISBN 978-0-227-17025-0. OCLC 227928641.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, And Restoration (4th ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-516122-X.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (2006). Apostolic Letters of Faith, Hope, and Love: Galatians, 1 Peter, and 1 John. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books. ISBN 978-1-5975-2501-5.

List of Translations[change | change source]

  • Oxford Annotated Apocrypha: The Apocrypha of the Old Testament. Translated by Metzger, Bruce M. 1977.
  • The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Revised Standard Version, Expanded Edition. Translated by Metzger, Bruce M.; May, Herbert G. 1977.
  • Oxford Annotated Apocrypha: Revised Standard Version. Translated by Metzger, Bruce M. 1977.
  • New Revised Standard Version. Translated by Metzger, Bruce M. 1989.
  • The NRSV Bible with the Apocrypha, Compact Edition. Translated by Metzger, Bruce M. 2003.

Selected Articles and Chapters[change | change source]

  • Metzger, Bruce M. (May 27, 1966). "The Meaning of Christ's Ascension". Christianity Today. 10 (17): 3–4.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1970). "Names for the Nameless in the New Testament: A Study in the Growth of Christian Tradition". In Granfield, Patrick; Jungmann, Josef A. (eds.). Kyriakon: Festschrift Johannes Quasten. 1. Münster: Verlag Aschendorff. pp. 79–99.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1972). "Patristic Evidence and Textual Criticism of the New Testament". New Testament Studies. 18 (4): 379–400. - Presidential Address, Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas, delivered August 24, 1971, at Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (1972). "Literary forgeries and canonical pseudepigrapha". Journal of Biblical Literature. 91 (1): 3–24. - Presidential address, Society of Biblical Literature, delivered October 29, 1971, in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Metzger, Bruce M. (November 1984). "How Well Do You Know the Apocrypha?". Guideposts. pp. 28–31.

Selected Interview and Writings about Bruce M. Metzger[change | change source]

Commemorative publications[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]