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|Classification and external resources|
Electrical burn entrance wound on a person's back.
A burn is an injury to a person's skin or even flesh. Burns can grow to be very powerful, and in some cases, can even kill a person. There are six degrees of burns. Depending on the severity and amount of skin affected, a burn can be a medical emergency. For children, at least five percent of the skin needs to be affected. Adults can tolerate up to ten percent of affected skin.
Characteristics[change | change source]
Degree One Burns[change | change source]
Degree One burns are minor and can be cured at home. They seldom leave scars. A person can get them from hot water, a minor sunburn, or by touching hot metal. It causes pain, but only the top layer of skin is burnt and no nerves are injured.
Degree Two Burns[change | change source]
Degree Two burns can be cured at home, but some people would prefer to take them to the hospital. This degree of burn goes into the second layer of skin.
Degree Three Burns[change | change source]
Degree Three burns are the most severe burns that most people can survive from. Although they may be severe, the chances of death are very low if treated at the hospital right away. It burns through all three layers of skin, leaving a scab.
Degree Four Burns[change | change source]
This degree of burn goes through the skin and destroys the nerves near it. There is no pain at the 4th degree burn area but there can be immense pain occurs around the burn. Very few have survived it. It must be treated at the hospital ASAP if it occurs and the person is still alive.
Degree Five Burns[change | change source]
This burn degree goes all the way through the skin, the nerves near it, and ends at the muscle.
Degree Six Burns[change | change source]
This degree goes and destroys the core of the body. It burns the skin, nerves, muscles, and scorches the bones. In other words, immediate death can and will happen.
|Names||Layers involved||Appearance||Texture||Sensation||Healing Time||Complications||Example|
|Superficial (First degree)||Epidermis||Red without blisters||Dry||Painful||~2–3 days||Repeated sunburns increase the risk of skin cancer later in life|
|Superficial partial thickness (Second degree)||Extends into superficial (papillary) dermis||Red with clear blister. Blanches with pressure||Moist||Painful||1–2 weeks||Local infection/cellulitis|
|Deep partial thickness (Second degree)||Extends into deep (reticular) dermis||Red-and-white with bloody blisters. Less blanching.||Moist||Painful||3–4 weeks||Scarring, contractures (may require excision and skin grafting)|
|Full thickness (Third degree)||Extends through entire dermis||Stiff and white/brown||Dry, leathery||Painless||Prolonged and incomplete||Scarring, contractures, amputation|
|Fourth degree||Extends through skin, subcutaneous tissue and into underlying muscle and bone||Black; charred with eschar||Dry||Painless||Requires excision||Amputation, significant functional impairment, possible gangrene, and in some cases death.|
References[change | change source]
- Buttaro, Terry (2012). Primary Care: A Collaborative Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 236. ISBN 9780323075855. http://books.google.ca/books?id=YBcHR-wQOWQC&pg=PA236.