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Many of them were murdered by relatives, enemies, friends, and soldiers.
|Emperor of the Romans|
|Cameo of an eagle, a symbol of the Roman emperors (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)|
|Last monarch||Constantine XI|
Julius Nepos (western empire)
|Style||Imperator, Augustus, Caesar, Princeps, Dominus Noster, Autokrator or Basileus (depending on period)|
|Appointer||Senate and People of Rome|
(The Roman army represents the people)
|Monarchy started||16 January 27 BC|
|Monarchy ended||May 1453 AD|
- Tiberius, Augustus's son-in-law.
- Caligula, Tiberius's grand-nephew, murdered by his bodyguards for many crimes.
- Claudius, Caligula's uncle. Claudius conquered Britain, making it part of the Roman Empire.
- Nero, Claudius's grand-nephew. Accused Christians of burning down Rome. First Roman Emperor to commit suicide.
- Nerva, friend of Nero, who had saved Nero's life.
- Trajan. Under Trajan, the Roman Empire was at its largest size ever.
- Hadrian - Hadrian built Hadrian's Wall in Britain, to prevent the Picts from invading Roman Britain. Hadrian died in 138 AD. From 138 AD until 284 AD, there were 32 more emperors.
- Antoninus Pius
- Lucius Verus
- Marcus Aurelius
- Diocletian in 284 AD, created the tetrarchy, abdicated.
- Constantius Chlorus
- Valerius Severus
- Constantine in 306 AD. Founded the city of Constantinople at Byzantium. Converted to Christianity.
- Maximinus II
- Constantine II, son of Constantine
- Constantius II, son of Constantine
- Constans I, son of Constantine
- Valentinianic dynasty
- Theodosian dynasty
Note there were also numerous usurpers ("fake" emperors) including: