Caldwell, Kansas

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Caldwell, Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
KDOT map of Sumner County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°2′3″N 97°36′32″W / 37.03417°N 97.60889°W / 37.03417; -97.60889Coordinates: 37°2′3″N 97°36′32″W / 37.03417°N 97.60889°W / 37.03417; -97.60889
CountryUnited States
Named forAlexander Caldwell
 • Total1.09 sq mi (2.82 km2)
 • Land1.09 sq mi (2.82 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
1,142 ft (348 m)
 • Total1,068
 • Estimate 
 • Density980/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code620
FIPS code20-09900 [4]
GNIS ID0470089 [5]

Caldwell is a city in Sumner County, Kansas, United States. In 2010, 1,068 people lived there.[6]

History[change | change source]

1915 Railroad Map of Sumner County

Near Caldwell is a precontact Plains Village period settlement called the Buresh site. It has clues about Native American ways of life European and African Americans came.

Caldwell was created in 1871. It is named after Senator Alexander Caldwell.[7] Caldwell was incorporated as a city in 1879.[8] The first post office in Caldwell was created in May 1871.[9] The Chisholm Trail went along the east side of Caldwell from 1867 to 1871.[10]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a railroad north-south from Herington to Caldwell.[11] This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. This branch line was made longer to reach Pond Creek, Oklahoma in 1888,[11] and connected Caldwell, Renfrow, Medford, Jefferson (the original Pond Creek). By 1893, it was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This railroad closed in 1891. It was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway. That closed in 1980. It reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad. Then it merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad. It merged again in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still call this railroad the "Rock Island.

Geography[change | change source]

Caldwell is at 37°2′3″N 97°36′32″W / 37.03417°N 97.60889°W / 37.03417; -97.60889 (37.034077, -97.609022).[12] The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 1.09 square miles (2.82 km2). All of it is land.[1]

Weather[change | change source]

Caldwell has hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. The Köppen Climate Classification system says that Caldwell has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2016 (est.)1,020[3]−4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[change | change source]

The 2010 census[2] of 2010, there were 1,068 people, 495 households, and 277 families residing in the city.

Infrastructure[change | change source]

The Caldwell Municipal Airport is a city-owned public-use airport. It is one nautical mile (1.15 mi, 1.85 km) east of Caldwell's central business district.[14]

Famous people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
  7. Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 305.
  8. Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 269.
  9. "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  10. Route of the Chisholm cattle trail in Kansas; Kansas Historical Society, 1960s.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Rock Island Rail History". Archived from the original on 2011-06-19. Retrieved 2011-04-17.
  12. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. Climate Summary for Caldwell, Kansas
  14. FAA Airport Master Record for 01K (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]