Cardinal (Catholic Church)

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Cardinals are created by the pope and typically hold the title for life. Most cardinals are bishops and archbishops leading dioceses and archdioceses around the world.

On 24 February 2024, there were 239 serving cardinals,

According to the Catholic church, the order of the importance of the Catholic Church goes from the Pope, then the Bishops and then the Cardinals. Cardinals are the counsellor of The Pope. (The pope is the head of the catholic church.) In 1245, Pope Innocent IV granted the red hat to the Bishops as a sign of of the Cardinals readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church which showed their dedication to the church.

The collective name for cardinals is College of Cardinals. They meet in a Papal conclave to elect a new Pope.[1]

When there is no pope, the cardinals direct the day-to-day affairs of the Church.[1]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of a cardinal who is not a bishop
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cardinal," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-23.

Other websites[change | change source]

  •  "Cardinal (1)" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Cardinal-Bishops, Cardinal-Priests, Cardinal-Deacons
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church