Cartography is making maps. Cartography is part of geography. How people make maps is always changing. In the past, maps were drawn by hand, but today most printed maps are made using computers. Someone who makes maps is called a cartographer.
Making a map can be as simple as drawing a direction on a napkin, or as complicated as showing a census of a whole country. Anyone can make a map, but there are people who spend their lives learning how to make complicated maps.
For many centuries maps were usually carefully drawn onto a piece of paper. The reason they look old is that they have been much used or have been treated roughly.
Nowadays they are made on a computer which makes them look neater with accurate images.
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