Cashtown, Pennsylvania

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Cashtown, Pennsylvania
Location in Adams County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Adams County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 39°53′2″N 77°21′31″W / 39.88389°N 77.35861°W / 39.88389; -77.35861Coordinates: 39°53′2″N 77°21′31″W / 39.88389°N 77.35861°W / 39.88389; -77.35861
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyAdams
TownshipFranklin
Area
 • Total1.51 sq mi (3.92 km2)
 • Land1.50 sq mi (3.89 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
746 ft (227 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total459
 • Density305/sq mi (117.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
17310
FIPS code42-11576
GNIS feature ID1171306

Cashtown is a census-designated place (CDP) in Franklin Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The community was part of the Cashtown-McKnightstown CDP, until it was split into two separate CDPs for the 2010 census. As of 2010, the population of Cashtown was 459.[1]

History[change | change source]

During the American Civil War, Cashtown was occupied by the Confederate States Army twice. Once in October 1862 when Confederate cavalry led by General J.E.B. Stuart occupied the town briefly.[2] On June 28, 1863, General Robert E. Lee had invaded Pennsylvania a second time and was on his way to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the state capital.[3] When he received word that the Union Army of the Potomac was coming, he ordered his divisions to assemble at Cashtown.[2] On June 30 Confederate General Henry Heth had his divisions at Cashtown and sent a division to nearby Gettysburg to forage for supplies.[4] Without any reconnaissance to see what was ahead of them, the Confederates blundered into a Union cavalry commanded by General John Buford.[4] This started the Battle of Gettysburg.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Cashtown is 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Gettysburg in western Adams County. U.S. Route 30 bypasses the center of the community. It forms the northern edge of the CDP. Old U.S. 30, the original Lincoln Highway, is the main street of Cashtown. McKnightstown is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the east.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cashtown CDP, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 George F. Skoch. "On the Road to Gettysburg". cashtowninn.com. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  3. Jerry L. Gleason (July 3, 2004). "Gen. Lee hoped for 'Battle of Harrisburg'". PennLive. PA Media Group. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Battle of Gettysburg". U-S-History.com. Retrieved 21 September 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]