Caspar David Friedrich

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Gerhard von Kügelgen, Portrait of Caspar David Friedrich (c. 1810–20)

Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 – May 7, 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important of the movement.

He is best known for landscapes, which typically feature lonely figures against night skies, morning mists or Gothic ruins.