16 June 1936
Alice Springs, Northern Territory
|Died||19 October 2000
Sydney, New South Wales
|Cause of death||Renal failure|
|Other names||Charlie Perkins, Kumantjayi Perkins|
|Ethnicity||Aboriginal Australian – Arrernte and Kalkadoon|
|Education||Bachelor of Arts|
|Alma mater||University of Sydney|
|Known for||Activism, Public Service, Sport|
|Children||Hetti, Rachel and Adam|
Perkins grew up in Alice Springs. His mother was Arrernte and his father was Kalkadoon. He later moved to Sydney, and graduated from the University of Sydney in 1965. He was the first indigenous Australian to graduate from a university.
Perkins campaigned for Aboriginal land rights. In 1965, he was an important person in the Freedom Ride campaign, which aimed to raise public awareness of the standards of living, literacy and health conditions among the Aboriginal population. The group was famous for publicising acts of discrimination.
Perkins was also important in the campaign for the referendum in 1967, which allowed Aboriginal people to be counted in censuses, and parliament to make special laws specifically for Aboriginal people. From 1969, Perkins worked as a public servant in the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs. He was made permanent secretary of this department in 1981, which made him the first Aboriginal to become the permanent head of a federal government department. He served as secretary until 1988.
References[change | change source]
- Read, Peter (2001). Charles Perkins: a biography. Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin Books. p. 351. ISBN 0-14-100688-9.
- "Officer of the Order of Australia". Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au/honours/honour_roll/search.cfm?aus_award_id=872479&search_type=quick&showInd=true. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- Perkins, Charles (1975). A Bastard like me. Sydney: Ure Smith. p. 199. ISBN 0-7254-0256-3.
- "Papers of Charles Perkins (1936–2000)". National Library of Australia. April 2002. http://nla.gov.au/nla.ms-ms8047. Retrieved 2007-01-20.
- "Hetty Perkins discusses kidney research fundraising". PM (ABC Radio). http://www.abc.net.au/pm/stories/s210963.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-08.
Further reading[change | change source]
- Perkins, Charles (1975). A Bastard like me. Sydney: Ure Smith. ISBN 0-7254-0256-3.
- Read, Peter (1990). Charles Perkins: a biography. Ringwood, Victoria: Viking. ISBN 0-14-013280-5.
Other websites[change | change source]
- "Charles Nelson Perkins". National Archives of Australia. July 2004. Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20060828174842/http://naa.gov.au/fsheets/fs225.html. Retrieved 2007-01-20.
- "Charles Perkins". Australian Biography. Australian Government. 2004. http://www.australianbiography.gov.au/subjects/perkins/. Retrieved 25 October 2010.