Chester A. Arthur

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Chester A. Arthur
Portrait by Charles Milton Bell, 1882
21st President of the United States
In office
September 19, 1881 – March 4, 1885
Vice PresidentNone
Preceded byJames A. Garfield
Succeeded byGrover Cleveland
20th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881
PresidentJames A. Garfield
Preceded byWilliam A. Wheeler
Succeeded byThomas A. Hendricks
Personal details
Born(1829-10-05)October 5, 1829
Fairfield, Vermont
DiedNovember 18, 1886(1886-11-18) (aged 57)
New York City, New York
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur

Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was the 21st president of the United States from 1881 to 1885. Before becoming president, he was most noted as the Collector of Customs for the Port of New York, a job he got from his political friendships. Arthur was the first president of the United States to take oath of office at his own house.[1]

Arthur was a lawyer in New York City. Two of his cases were famous. One confirmed that any slave brought to New York was automatically set free. The other ended the racial segregation of streetcars in the city.

After President James A. Garfield died, vice-president Chester Arthur replaced him. The man who killed him expected the new president to pardon him. This did not happen.

During Arthur's term a major problem was that people were appointing their friends (such as himself) into high political offices instead of people who were most qualified to do the job. The problem was solved after he promoted the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act which required people to pass tests before they could be appointed to a public job.

References[change | change source]

  1. "10 Interesting Facts About Chester Arthur". Republican 28 February 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]