Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines

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Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Punong Mahistrado ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Supreme Court of the Republic of the Philippines.svg
Seal of the Supreme Court
Flag of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.svg
Flag of the Supreme Court
Bersamin in robes.jpg
Incumbent
Lucas Bersamin

since November 28, 2018
StyleThe Honorable (formal)
Your Honor (when addressed directly in court)
Member of
AppointerPresidential appointment upon nomination by the Judicial and Bar Council
Term lengthRetirement at the age of 70
Inaugural holderCayetano Arellano
FormationJune 11, 1901
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Chief Justice of the Philippines (Filipino: Punong Mahistrado ng Pilipinas) presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines and is the highest judicial officer of the government of the Philippines. The current chief justice is Lucas Bersamin, who was appointed by President Rodrigo Duterte on November 28, 2018.

List of chief justices[change | change source]

Legend:

     University of Santo Tomas      Northwestern University      University of the Philippines      Far Eastern University      Escuela de Derecho de Manila (Now Manila Law College)      Ateneo de Manila University      University of the East College of Law

# Name Began Ended Tenure Appointed by
1 Cayetano Arellano
(March 2, 1847 – December 23, 1920)
June 11, 1901 April 12, 1920 18 years, 306 days William McKinley
(Republican)
2 Victorino Mapa
(February 25, 1855 – April 12, 1927)
July 1, 1920 October 31, 1921 1 year, 122 days Woodrow Wilson
(Democratic)
3 Manuel Araullo
(January 1, 1853 – July 26, 1924)
November 1, 1921 July 26, 1924 2 years, 268 days Warren G. Harding
(Republican)
4 Ramón Avanceña
(April 13, 1872 – June 12, 1957)
April 1, 1925 December 24, 1941 16 years, 267 days Calvin Coolidge
(Republican)
5 José Abad Santos1
(February 19, 1886 – May 7, 1942)
December 24, 1941 May 7, 1942 134 days Manuel L. Quezon
(Nacionalista)
6 José Yulo
(September 24, 1894 – October 27, 1976)
May 7, 1942 July 9, 1945 3 years, 63 days Japanese Military Administration
7 Manuel Moran
(October 27, 1893 – August 23, 1961)
July 9, 1945 March 20, 1951 5 years, 254 days Sergio Osmeña
(Nacionalista)
8 Ricardo Paras
(February 17, 1891 – October 10, 1984)
April 2, 1951 February 17, 1961 9 years, 321 days Elpidio Quirino
(Liberal)
9 César Bengzon
(May 29, 1896 – September 3, 1992)
April 28, 1961 May 29, 1966 5 years, 31 days Carlos P. Garcia
(Nacionalista)
10 Roberto Concepcion
(June 7, 1903 – May 3, 1987)
June 17, 1966 April 18, 1973 6 years, 305 days Ferdinand Marcos
(Nacionalista)
11 Querube Makalintal
(December 22, 1910 – November 8, 2002)
October 21, 1973 December 22, 1975 2 years, 62 days
12 Fred Ruiz Castro
(September 2, 1914 – April 19, 1979)
January 5, 1976 April 19, 1979 3 years, 104 days Ferdinand Marcos
(Kilusang Bagong Lipunan)
13 Enrique Fernando
(July 25, 1915 – October 13, 2004)
July 2, 1979 July 24, 1985 6 years, 22 days
14 Felix Makasiar
(November 20, 1915 – February 19, 1992)
July 25, 1985 November 19, 1985 117 days
15 Ramon Aquino
(August 31, 1917 – March 31, 1993)
November 20, 1985 March 6, 1987 1 year, 106 days
16 Claudio Teehankee, Sr.
(April 18, 1918 – November 27, 1989)
April 2, 1987 April 18, 1988 1 year, 16 days Corazon Aquino
(United Nationalist Democratic Organization)
17 Pedro Yap
(July 1, 1918 – November 20, 2003)
April 19, 1988 June 30, 1988 72 days
18 Marcelo Fernan
(October 24, 1926 – July 11, 1999)
July 1, 1988 December 6, 1991 3 years, 158 days
19 Andres Narvasa
(November 30, 1928 - October 31, 2013)
December 8, 1991 November 30, 1998 6 years, 357 days
20 Hilario Davide, Jr.
(born December 20, 1935)
November 30, 1998 December 20, 2005 7 years, 20 days Joseph Estrada
(Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino)
21 Artemio Panganiban
(born December 7, 1937)
December 20, 2005 December 7, 2007 1 year, 352 days Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(Lakas)
22 Reynato Puno
(born May 17, 1940)
December 8, 2007 May 17, 2010 2 years, 160 days
23 Renato Corona2 3
(October 15, 1948 - April 29, 2016)
May 17, 2010 May 29, 2012 2 years, 12 days
Maria Lourdes Sereno3 4
(born July 2, 1960)
August 25, 2012 May 11, 2018 5 years, 259 days Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal)
24 Teresita Leonardo-De Castro
(born October 8, 1948)
August 28, 2018 October 10, 2018 43 days Rodrigo Duterte
(PDP–Laban)
25 Lucas Bersamin
(born October 18, 1949)
November 28, 2018 Incumbent 224 days
^1 José Abad Santos was unable to preside over the Supreme Court due to the outbreak of World War II.
^2 Renato Corona was impeached on December 12, 2011, and convicted on May 29, 2012, removing him from office.
^3 Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio served as acting Chief Justice after the Impeachment of Renato Corona from May 30, 2012 to August 25, 2012[1] and after the removal of Maria Lourdes Sereno via quo warranto proceedings from May 14, 2018 to August 28, 2018
^4 Maria Lourdes Sereno was removed on May 11, 2018 via quo warranto by a special en banc session; the petition alleged Sereno's appointment was void ab initio due to her failure in complying with the requirements of the Judicial and Bar Council. Hence her entire term as Chief Justice is considered a de facto tenure; legally void since the ouster of her predecessor. Sereno filed an ad cautelam motion for reconsideration pleading for the reversal of the decision on May 31, 2018, but on June 19, 2018 was denied with finality (meaning no further pleading shall be entertained, as well as for the immediate entry for judgment) for lack of merit.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Carpio is acting chief justice under SC order". Philippine Daily Inquirer. May 30, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2012.
  2. "G.R. No. 237428. June 19, 2018" (PDF). Supreme Court of the Philippines. June 19, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.