Child labour in Pakistan

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Pakistani children working in a shop.

Child labour is one of the major problems of Pakistan:[1] The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan estimated in the 1990s, that 11 million children were working in the country; half of them were under the age of ten. There are a number of laws which regulate the conditions under which children are allowed to work. These laws include:

  • The Factories Act 1934.
  • The West Pakistan Shops and Establishments Ordinance 1969.
  • The Employment of Children Act 1991
  • The Bonded Labour System Abolition Act 1992.
  • The Punjab Compulsory Education Act 1994[2]

The problem is that these laws are ignored most of the time. Some 11 million children, aged four to fourteen, keep the country's factories operating, often working in bad conditions.[3]

In December 2014, the U.S. Department of Labor's List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor reported nine goods of which six are produced by child labourers in Pakistan. These include the making of bricks, carpets, glass bangles, leather and surgical instruments, as well as coal mining.

References[change | change source]

  1. "What is child labour (IPEC)". www.ilo.org.
  2. Madslien, Jorn (4 February 2004). "ILO: 'Child labour prevents • The Pilgram official policy of Food Act 1998 development'". BBC News. Retrieved 23 Feb 2011.
  3. "Child Labour affect Human Capital Development - Chief Justice". Ghana News Agency. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)