Childbirth

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Childbirth
Other namesLabour and delivery, labor and delivery, partus, giving birth, parturition, birth, confinement[1][2]
Postpartum baby2.jpg
Newborn baby and mother
SpecialtyObstetrics, midwifery
ComplicationsObstructed labour, postpartum bleeding, eclampsia, postpartum infection, birth asphyxia, neonatal hypothermia[3]
TypesVaginal delivery, C-section[4]
CausesPregnancy
PreventionBirth control, abortion
Frequency135 million (2015)[5]
Deaths500,000 maternal deaths a year

Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of pregnancy where one or more babies leaves the uterus by passing through the vagina or by Caesarean section.[4] In 2015, there were about 135 million births globally.[5]

About 15 million were born before 37 weeks of gestation,[6] while between 3 and 12 percent were born after 42 weeks.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. "confinement - Definition of confinement in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
  2. "CONFINEMENT - meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org.
  3. Lunze K, Bloom DE, Jamison DT, Hamer DH (January 2013). "The global burden of neonatal hypothermia: systematic review of a major challenge for newborn survival". BMC Medicine. 11 (1): 24. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-24. PMC 3606398. PMID 23369256.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Martin E (2015). Concise Colour Medical l.p.Dictionary. Oxford University Press. p. 375. ISBN 978-0-19-968799-2. Archived from the original on 2017-09-11.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. July 11, 2016. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  6. "Preterm birth Fact sheet N°363". WHO. November 2015. Archived from the original on 7 March 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2016.
  7. Buck GM, Platt RW (2011). Reproductive and perinatal epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-19-985774-6. Archived from the original on 2017-09-11.