Chilean Antarctic Territory

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Chilean Antarctic Territory
Territorio Chileno Antártico
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Country  Chile
Region  Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
Province Antártica Chilena
Commune Antártica
Claimed November 6, 1940
 • Intendant Jorge Flies Añón
 • Governor Patricio Oyarzo Gáez
 • Mayor Patricio Fernández
 • INACH Director José Retamales Espinoza
 • Total 1,250,257.6 km2 (482,727.2 sq mi)
Population (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total 115
 • Density 9.2×10−5/km2 (0.00024/sq mi)
 • Urban 0
 • Rural 115
 • Men 100
 • Women 15
Time zone UTC-3
Area code(s) 56 + 61
Capital Villa Las Estrellas
Currency Chilean Peso
Website (Spanish)

The Chilean Antarctic Territory is the territory in Antarctica claimed by Chile since 1940. The Chilean Antarctic Territory overlaps Argentine and British Antarctic claims.

Within Chilean territorial organization Antártica is the name of the commune that administers the territory. Belongs to Antártica Chilena Province, which is part of Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region. The commune of Antártica was created on July 11, 1961, and was dependent on the Magallanes Province until 1975, when the Antártica Chilena Province was created, making it dependent administratively on Puerto Williams, the province capital.

The Antarctic Treaty Freezed all the Antartic claims.

The Chilean Antarctic Territory map.

Bases[change | change source]

Night view of Villa Las Estrellas, the only civil settlement.

List of Chilean Antarctic Bases:

Name Country Location Type
Base Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva  Chile King George Island P
Base General Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme  Chile Antarctic Peninsula P
Base Capitán Arturo Prat  Chile Greenwich Island P
Base Profesor Julio Escudero  Chile King George Island P
Estación Polar Científica Conjunta "Glaciar Unión"  Chile Union Glacier S
Base Yelcho  Chile Doumer Island S
Base Doctor Guillermo Mann  Chile Livingston Island S
Base Presidente Gabriel González Videla  Chile Paradise Bay S
Refugio Julio Ripamonti  Chile Ardley Island S
Refugio Luis Risopatrón  Chile Robert Island S
Refugio Collins  Chile Collins Bay S

(P): Permanent; Are open all the year. (S): Seasonal; Are open in the Austral Summer.

Villa Las Estrellas is the only civil settlement in a Chilean Base, the other one is in Esperanza Base (Argentina) and it's called "Fortín Sargento Cabral"

The only permanent Chilean base on the Antarctic Peninsula is Base General Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme. It has been working since February 18, 1948. It is located on Puerto Covadonga.

Gabriel González Videla inaugurating the Base General Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme in Antarctica in 1948.

References[change | change source]