China Miéville

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
China Miéville
Miéville at Utopiales (2010)
Miéville at Utopiales (2010)
BornChina Tom Miéville
(1972-09-06) 6 September 1972 (age 51)
Norwich, United Kingdom
OccupationShort-story writer, novelist, essayist and comic book author
GenreUrban fantasy
Weird fiction
Literary movementNew Weird
Notable worksPerdido Street Station (2000)
The City & the City (2009)

China Tom Miéville FRSL (/miˈvəl/ mee-AY-vəl; born 6 September 1972) is a British urban fantasy fiction author, essayist, comic book writer, socialist political activist and literary critic. He often describes his work as weird fiction.

Miéville has won many awards, including the Arthur C. Clarke Award (thrice), the British Fantasy Award (twice), Locus Awards for Best Fantasy Novel (four times) and Best Science Fiction Novel and Best Novelette and Best Young Adult Book, as well as the Hugo, Kitschies, and World Fantasy Awards.

Early life[change | change source]

Born in Norwich, Miéville was brought up in Willesden and has lived in London since early childhood. He grew up with his sister Jemima and mother Claudia, a translator, writer and teacher. His parents separated soon after his birth. He has said that he "never really knew" his father.[1] They chose his first name, China, from a dictionary, looking for a beautiful name.[1] Because his mother was born in New York City, Miéville is an American and British citizen.

Education[change | change source]

Miéville studied at Oakham School, a co-educational independent school in Oakham, Rutland, for two years. At the age of eighteen, in 1990, he taught English for a year in Egypt, where he developed an interest in Arab culture and in Middle Eastern politics.

Miéville studied for a BA degree in social anthropology at Clare College, Cambridge. He graduated in 1994. He next earned a master's degree and then a PhD in international relations from the London School of Economics in 2001. Miéville has also held a Frank Knox fellowship at Harvard University.[1] After becoming dissatisfied with the ability of post-modern theories to explain history and political events, he became a Marxist at university.[1] A book version of his PhD thesis, Between Equal Rights: A Marxist Theory of International Law, was published in the UK in 2005 by Brill in their "Historical Materialism" series, and in the United States in 2006 by Haymarket Books.

Politics[change | change source]

Miéville has been a member of the International Socialist Organization (US) and, until 13 March 2013, was also a member of the Socialist Workers Party (UK).[2] He stood for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in the 2001 general election as a candidate for the Socialist Alliance. He did not win. He got 459 votes, or 1.2%,[3] in Regent's Park and Kensington North, a Labour constituency.[4]

Bibliography[change | change source]

Fiction[change | change source]

Bas-Lag series[change | change source]

Stand-alone novels[change | change source]

  • King Rat (1998) ISBN 978-0312890735
  • Un Lun Dun (2007) 978-0230015869
  • The City & the City (2009) ISBN 978-1405000178
  • Kraken (2010) ISBN 978-0333989500
  • Embassytown (2011) ISBN 978-0230750760
  • Railsea (2012) ISBN 978-0230765108

Novellas[change | change source]

Short story collections[change | change source]

Children's picture books[change | change source]

  • The Worst Breakfast (2016), co-written and illustrated by Zak Smith

Comic books[change | change source]

Other[change | change source]

Nonfiction[change | change source]

Books[change | change source]

  • Between Equal Rights: A Marxist Theory of International Law (2005). ISBN 1-931859-33-7
  • Red Planets: Marxism and Science Fiction (2009), with Mark Bould. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press.
  • October: The Story of the Russian Revolution (2017). Verso.
  • A Spectre Haunting Europe (2020)

Essays[change | change source]

Awards[change | change source]

Miéville just after winning the Arthur C. Clarke Award in 2010
  • He was a 2018 Guggenheim Fellow in Fiction.[14]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Gordon, Joan (November 2003). "Reveling in Genre: An Interview with China Miéville". Science Fiction Studies. 30 (Part 3). DePauw University. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  2. "Resigning from the Socialist Workers Party", International Socialism, 11 March 2013
  3. "BBC NEWS – VOTE 2001 – RESULTS & CONSTITUENCIES – Regent's Park & Kensington North". BBC News.
  4. Ansible 168, July 2001.
  5. Miéville, China (November–December 2011). "London's Overthrow". Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 2001 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  7. "Awards won by Perdido Street Station". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 2003 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  9. "Awards won by Scar". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 2005 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 28 March 2009.
  11. Flood, Alison (6 September 2010). "China Miéville and Paolo Bacigalupi tie for Hugo award". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  12. Locus Publications (5 September 2010). "Locus Online News " 2010 Hugo Awards Winners". Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  13. Locus Publications (31 October 2010). "Locus Online News " World Fantasy Awards Winners". Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  14. "Current Fellow". The John Simon Guggenheim Foundation.