Chittagong Hill Tracts

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Flag of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Shanti Bahini
Map of CHT

The Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bengali: পার্বত্য চট্টগ্রাম, Parbotto Chôṭṭogram) comprise an area of 13,180 km2 in south-eastern Bangladesh. The area forms the border of Bangladesh with India or Myanmar (Burma). It was a single district of Bangladesh till 1984. In that year it was divided into three separate districts: Khagrachari, Rangamati and Bandarban. Topographically, this is the only hill intensive area of Bangladesh.

When India was split into two separate countries in 1948, the Radcliffe Line gave this area to East Pakistan (Bangladesh), which was mostly Muslim, even though most people in the area were Buddhists.