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Temporal range: Eocene to present(molecular clock suggests Cretaceous origin)
Freshwater angelfish biodome.jpg
Common freshwater angelfish,
Pterophyllum scalare
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Cichlidae
Bonaparte, 1835

For genera, see below.

Cichlids (pronounced 'sick-lids') are fishes from the Cichlidae family, in the order Perciformes.

It is a very large family of fish made up of more than 2500 species. Cichlids come in many different sizes, from 2.5 centimeters to almost a meter long. All cichlids have some form of parental care for their eggs and fry. That parental care may come in the form of guarding the eggs and fry or it may come in the form of mouthbrooding.

Cichlids are famous for their speciation in East African lakes.[1][2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Salzburger W., Mack T., Verheyen E., Meyer A. (2005). "Out of Tanganyika: genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes" (PDF). BMC Evolutionary Biology. 5 (17): 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-5-17. PMC 554777. PMID 15723698.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Kornfield, Irv & Smith, Peter (November 2000). "African Cichlid fishes: model systems for evolutionary biology". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 31: 163–196. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.163.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)