|Type||Subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën|
|When it was created||1919|
|People who started it||André Citroën|
|Headquarters||Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, France|
|Production output||1,302,900 (2009)|
|Parent||PSA Peugeot Citroën|
Citroën is car manufacturer based in France. It was founded by André-Gustave Citroën in 1919 and it became the first mass-production car company outside the USA  and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car.
Innovations[change | change source]
Citroën were innovators in car design. Their Traction Avant (pictured) had the first mass production of three revolutionary features that are still in use today. They are: a unitary body with no separate frame, four-wheel independent suspension, and front-wheel drive.
Later on, in the 1950s, Citroën developed a remarkable type of suspension. A high-pressure hydraulic system was used in over 9 million Citroën cars. They included the DS, SM, GS, CX, BX, XM, Xantia, C5, and C6. Self-levelling is the principal benefit – the car kept a constant ride height above the road. It adjusted to the passenger and cargo load, and gave a very soft suspension. This type of suspension smooths out road irregularities without disturbing the occupants. It is often compared to riding on a 'magic carpet' for this reason.
Models[change | change source]
- Citroën Berlingo
- Citroën AX
- Citroën BX
- Citroën C5
- Citroën C6
- Citroën Evasion
- Citroën Jumper
- Citroën Saxo
- Citroën Xantia
- Citroën XM
- Citroën Xsara
References[change | change source]
- "Saint-Ouen retrouve son fleuve, la Seine." l'Humanité. 28 October 2006. Retrieved on 3 February 2010. "La mort lente des petites entreprises, la délocalisation des plus importantes ont transformé Saint-Ouen. Il ne reste en centre-ville que l’usine Citroën.."
- "The Company". citroen.com. Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- "Citroen XM (1989 - 2000)". Honest John.