Citroën

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Automobiles CITROËN
Type Subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën
Industry Automotive
When it was created 1919
People who started it André Citroën
Headquarters Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, France[1]
Things made Automobiles
Production output 1,302,900[2] (2009)
Employees 13,900[3]
Parent PSA Peugeot Citroën
Website Citroën.com
The Citroën Traction Avant, a classic car of the 1940s

Citroën is car manufacturer based in France. It was founded by André-Gustave Citroën in 1919 and it became the first mass-production car company outside the USA [4] and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car.[5]

Innovations[change | change source]

Citroën were innovators in car design. Their Traction Avant (pictured) had the first mass production of three revolutionary features that are still in use today. They are: a unitary body with no separate frame, four-wheel independent suspension, and front-wheel drive.

Later on, in the 1950s, Citroën developed a remarkable type of suspension. A high-pressure hydraulic system was used in over 9 million Citroën cars. They included the DS, SM, GS, CX, BX, XM, Xantia, C5, and C6. Self-levelling is the principal benefit – the car kept a constant ride height above the road. It adjusted to the passenger and cargo load, and gave a very soft suspension. This type of suspension smooths out road irregularities without disturbing the occupants.[6] It is often compared to riding on a 'magic carpet' for this reason.[7]

Models[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Saint-Ouen retrouve son fleuve, la Seine." l'Humanité. 28 October 2006. Retrieved on 3 February 2010. "La mort lente des petites entreprises, la délocalisation des plus importantes ont transformé Saint-Ouen. Il ne reste en centre-ville que l’usine Citroën.."
  2. http://www.psa-peugeot-citroen.com/en/psa_group/key_figures_b4.php
  3. "The Company". citroen.com. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  4. "NSN". 
  5. "Citroënmania.com". 
  6. http://www.autotraderclassics.com/car-article/Topless+Goddess+_+Citroen+DS+Décapotable-44136.xhtml
  7. http://classics.honestjohn.co.uk/reviews/citroen/xm/