Havana

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Havana

La Habana
Clockwise from top left: El Capitolio, Museum of the Revolution, view of Malecón, lighthouse at El Morro, Havana Cathedral, Plaza Vieja and the Great Theatre of Havana
Nickname(s): 
City of Columns, Rome of the Caribbean[1]
Havana is located in Cuba
Havana
Havana
Location within Cuba
Coordinates: 23°08′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383Coordinates: 23°08′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Country Cuba
ProvinceLa Habana
Settled by Europeans1515a
City status1592
Municipalities15
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorMarta Hernández (PCC)
Area
 • Capital of Cuba728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)
 • Land2,555.055 km2 (986.512 sq mi)
 • Water9,830.521 km2 (3,795.585 sq mi)  19.23%
 • Urban
987.2546 km2 (381.1811 sq mi)
 • Metro
852.12 km2 (329.01 sq mi)
Elevation
59 m (194 ft)
Population
(2012) Official Census[2]
 • Capital of CubaDecrease 2,106,146
 • Density2,892.0/km2 (7,490/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Habanero/a
Time zoneUTC-5 (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (UTC−04:00)
Postal code
10xxx–19xxx
Area code(s)(+53) 07
Patron SaintsSaint Christopher
a Founded on the present site in 1519.
Havana in Cuba

Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city of Cuba. Its population was 2.1 million in 2012.[2] It is at 23°8′N 82°23′W and is a little more than 100 miles south-southwest of Key West, Florida in the United States.

Havana is a very old city. It was created in 1515 by Spanish explorers. Due to its important location it became a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Americas. Also, it became a stopping point for Spanish ships returning to Spain filled with treasure. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592. Walls as well as forts were built to protect the old city. The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish–American War.

Satellite image of Havana (seen from far above the Earth)

References[change | change source]

  1. "How Obama's US-Cuba deal could shape Havana's future". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "2012 Official Census" (PDF).

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Havana at Wikimedia Commons