Claude Shannon

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Claude Shannon
ClaudeShannon MFO3807.jpg
Born(1916-04-30)April 30, 1916
DiedFebruary 24, 2001(2001-02-24) (aged 84)
ResidenceUnited States
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of Michigan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forInformation theory

Shannon–Fano coding
Shannon–Hartley law
Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem
Noisy channel coding theorem
Shannon switching game
Shannon number
Shannon index
Shannon's source coding theorem
Shannon's expansion
Shannon-Weaver model of communication

Whittaker–Shannon interpolation formula
AwardsIEEE Medal of Honor (1966)
National Medal of Science (1966)
Harvey Prize (1972)
Kyoto Prize (1985)
National Inventors Hall of Fame (2004)
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics and electronic engineering
InstitutionsBell Laboratories
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Institute for Advanced Study
Doctoral advisorFrank Lauren Hitchcock
Doctoral studentsDanny Hillis
Ivan Sutherland
Bert Sutherland
Heinrich Arnold Ernst

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 - February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer. He is known as the father of information theory. Shannon founded the information theory with one landmark paper published in 1948.