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Claudia Sheinbaum

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Claudia Sheinbaum
Sheinbaum in 2024
President-elect of Mexico
Assuming office
1 October 2024
SucceedingAndrés Manuel López Obrador
8th Head of Government of Mexico City
In office
5 December 2018 – 16 June 2023
Preceded byMiguel Ángel Mancera
Succeeded byMartí Batres
7th Delegational Chief of Tlalpan
In office
1 October 2015 – 6 December 2017
Preceded byHéctor Hugo Hernández Rodríguez
Succeeded byFernando Hernández Palacios
Secretary of the Environment of the Federal District
In office
5 December 2000 – 15 May 2006
MayorAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byAlejandro Encinas Rodríguez
Succeeded byEduardo Vega López
Personal details
Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo

(1962-06-24) 24 June 1962 (age 62)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political partyNational Regeneration Movement (since 2014)
Other political
Party of the Democratic Revolution (1989–2014)
Carlos Ímaz Gispert
(m. 1987; div. 2016)

Jesús María Tarriba
(m. 2023)
EducationNational Autonomous University of Mexico (BS, MS, PhD)
University of California, Berkeley

Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo (born 24 June 1962) is a Mexican scientist and politician who is the President-elect of Mexico (as of 2024's third quarter). She was the head of government of Mexico City from 2018 until 2023. She is the first woman and the first Jewish person to be elected Head of Mexico City.[1][2] She is a member of the National Regeneration Movement.[3][4]

Sheinbaum successfully ran for president in the 2024 general election, winning in a landslide. She is set to become the first female and first Jewish person to be elected president.[5][6]

Early life[change | change source]

Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo was in Mexico City.[7] Her father's Ashkenazi parents emigrated from Lithuania to Mexico City in the 1920s.[8][7] Both of her parents are scientists: her mother, Annie Pardo Cemo, is a biologist and professor emeritus of the Faculty of Sciences at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and her father, Carlos Sheinbaum Yoselevitz, is a chemical engineer.[9][10][11]

During her time as a student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, she was a member of the Consejo Estudiantil Universitario (University Student Council).[12][13] The group would soon help create the Party of the Democratic Revolution.[12]

She completed the work for her doctoral thesis in four years from 1991 to 1994 at the University of California, Berkeley.[14]

Academic works[change | change source]

In 1995 she joined the faculty at National Autonomous University of Mexico Institute of Engineering.[15] In 1999 she received the prize of best UNAM young researcher in engineering and technological innovation.[16]

In 2007, she joined the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) at the United Nations in the field of energy and industry. She was a co-author on the topic "Mitigation of climate change" for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.[17] The group won the Nobel Peace Prize that year.[18] In 2013, she co-authored the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report alongside 11 other experts in the field of industry.[19]

Political career[change | change source]

She was the Secretary of the Environment of Mexico City from 2000 to 2006 during Andrés Manuel López Obrador's term as mayor. She was the 7th Delegational Chief of Tlalpan from 2015 to 2017.[20][21]

In 2014, she joined López Obrador's Morena Party, which broke away from the mainstream left-wing party, the Party of the Democratic Revolution.[2][21]

Mayoralty of Mexico City (2018–2023)[change | change source]

In 2018, Sheinbaum was elected mayor of Mexico City.[22] She is the first woman and Jew to be elected as mayor of Mexico City.[23] During her time as mayor, she focused on policies to make the quality of water in the city better, environmental policies and to upgrade the city's transportation system.[24][25] Sheinbaum was nominated by the City Mayors Foundation for the World Mayor Prize in 2021 in North America for her handling of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico.[26]

In 2023, she was listed as one of BBC's 100 Women.[27] She resigned as mayor in June 2023.[22]

Sheinbaum has called herself as a feminist.[28] She is a supporter of LGBT rights and created a gender-neutral policy for school uniforms when she was mayor of Mexico City.[29] In 2022, she became the first Head of Government of Mexico City to attend the city's pride march.[30]

2024 presidential campaign[change | change source]

Sheinbaum during a campaign stop in April 2024

Sheinbaum was seen as a possible candidate for President of Mexico in the 2024 election.[31][32] In June 2023, she resigned as mayor to run for the nomination of the Morena Party for the presidential election.[22]

On 6 September 2023, she was officially chosen for the party's nomination in the 2024 election, beating former foreign secretary Marcelo Ebrard.[33] Sheinbaum has criticized the neoliberal economic policies of past presidents of Mexico, saying that they have caused the inequality in the country.[34]

On 2 June 2024, Sheinbaum was elected president in a landslide. Sheinbaum received the highest number of votes ever recorded for a candidate in Mexican history, passing López Obrador's record of 30.1 million votes from 2018.[35] She also received the highest vote percentage since 1982 and carried 31 out of 32 states, with Aguascalientes being the only state that was won by her opponent Xóchitl Gálvez.[36]

She is set to become the first female and first Jewish person to be elected president.[5][6]

Presidency (2024–present)[change | change source]

Sheinbaum will be inaugurated as the 66th President of Mexico on 1 October 2024.[37]

Personal life[change | change source]

In 1986, Sheinbaum met politician Carlos Ímaz Gispert, to whom she was married from 1987 to 2016.[38] They have one daughter, Mariana.[39] She is also a step-mother to Ímaz Gispert's son from a previous marriage, Rodrigo.[40]

In 2016, she began dating Jesús María Tarriba, a financial risk analyst.[41] In November 2023, Sheinbaum announced their marriage on social media.[41]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico, Sheinbaum tested positive for COVID-19 in October 2020.[42]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Mexico City elects first Jewish mayor". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weber, Jonathan (2018-07-02). "Mexico City elects first Jewish, female mayor". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  3. Zerega, Georgina (12 June 2023). "Claudia Sheinbaum dejará su cargo el 16 de junio para ser "la primera mujer en encabezar los destinos" de México" [Claudia Sheinbaum will leave her post the 16th of June to become "the first woman to lead the fate of the nation" of Mexico]. El País (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 13 June 2023.
  4. "Mexico City mayor to step down to pursue historic bid for presidency". Reuters. 12 June 2023. Retrieved 13 June 2023.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Madry, Kylie; Valentine, Hilaire (2 June 2024). "Mexico's Sheinbaum poised to become first woman president". Reuters.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Sheinbaum poised to become Mexico's first female, Jewish president". Israel Hayom. June 3, 2024. Retrieved June 3, 2024.}
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kahn, Carrie (25 July 2018). "Meet Mexico City's First Elected Female Mayor". NPR. Both Sheinbaum's parents, also scientists, are children of Jewish immigrants from Bulgaria and Lithuania. Sheinbaum says she celebrated holidays at her grandparents', but her home life was secular
  8. "Judíos y científicos. La familia de Claudia Sheinbaum," Enlace Judío México, 17 December 2018.
  9. "2019 April Archive | Carlos Slim Health Institute". Salud.carlosslim.org. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  10. Ameyalli Villafán (30 July 2015). "Annie Pardo Cemo y su búsqueda constante de respuestas". Cienciamx. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  11. "Mexico City chooses for the first time in history a Jew and female mayor, the scientist Claudia Sheinbaum". The Mazatlán Post. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Belsasso, Bibiana (8 May 2017). "Me separé de Carlos Ímaz de común acuerdo hace un año" [I split with Carlos Ímaz by mutual agreement one year ago]. La Razon de Mexico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  13. Robles de la Rosa, Leticia (12 September 2016). "CEU: semillero de políticos; el movimiento estudiantil del 86" [CEU: A hotbed of politicians; the student movement of '86]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  14. "Mexico City Mayor-Elect Claudia Sheinbaum Visits Berkeley Lab," Archived 28 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine 9 November 2018.
  15. "Claudia Sheinbaum, la científica que gobernará CDMX". politico.mx. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
  16. Kenny Tang (2009). Green CITYnomics: The Urban War against Climate Change. Routledge. ISBN 9781351279420. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  17. ["Climate Change 2007 – Mitigation of Climate Change: Working Group III".] IPCC. Retrieved 2 July 2018
  18. "Mexico's Sheinbaum: from activist to climate scientist to presidential frontrunner". Reuters. Retrieved 3 June 2024.
  19. "Industry Chapter10 IPCC Retrieved 2 July 2018 Archived 14 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  20. Luis Flores, José (21 November 2000). "Presenta AMLO su gabinete" [AMLO presents his cabinet]. El Universal (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Tello, Natividad (29 March 2018). "Estos son los candidatos de coalición 'Juntos Haremos Historia' en CDMX" [These are the candidates of the coalition "Together We Will Make History" in Mexico City]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 "Mexico City mayor resigns in bid to become country's first female president". The Guardian. 2023-06-12. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-07-15.
  23. "Meet Mexico City's First Elected Female Mayor". NPR. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
  24. "In six years, water service for everyone: Mexico City mayor". Mexico News Daily. June 6, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  25. "Mexico City announces 40-billion-peso modernization plan for Metro". Mexico News Daily. September 5, 2019. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
  26. "Nominan a Sheinbaum como mejor alcaldesa del mundo por manejo de la pandemia". Aristegui Noticias (in Spanish). March 30, 2021. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  27. "Longi's Women 2023: Who is on the list? (Spoiler alert)". Longi Licking Corp (LLC) News. 2023-06-09. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  28. "Soy feminista, pero no apoyo violencia: Sheinbaum". NOTICIAS | Capital 21 (in Mexican Spanish). 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  29. "Mexico City unveils gender-neutral school uniforms policy". Reuters. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  30. "Claudia Sheinbaum, la primer Jefa de gobierno en asistir a la marcha LGBT+". El Heraldo de México (in Spanish). 2022-06-25. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  31. "Mexican women score historic wins in mid-term elections (facts)". The Independent. 2021-06-08. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  32. "Opinión | ¿Quién será el próximo presidente de México? El actual tiene mucho que decir al respecto". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  33. "Former Mexico City Mayor Claudia Sheinbaum to be the ruling party's presidential candidate". ABC News. 2023-09-06. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  34. "Could scientist Claudia Sheinbaum be Mexico's next leader?". AP News. 2023-03-14. Retrieved 2023-09-07.
  35. Arroyo, Lorena (3 June 2024). "Datos: Sheinbaum, la presidenta más votada en la historia de México". El País México (in Mexican Spanish). Archived from the original on 3 June 2024. Retrieved 3 June 2024.
  36. "Claudia Sheinbaum: 3 números que muestran la magnitud de su victoria (y por qué puede llegar a tener más poder que AMLO)". BBC News Mundo (in Spanish). 2024-06-03. Retrieved 2024-06-04.
  37. "Por qué junio y octubre son las nuevas fechas clave para las elecciones 2024 de México". CNN en Español. 20 January 2024. Archived from the original on 26 March 2024. Retrieved 3 June 2024.
  38. "Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo confiesa que tiene novio". Cunadegrillos.com. 8 July 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  39. Álvarez, Ángel, "Ellos forman la familia de Claudia Sheinbaum," Capital Mexico, 1 Julio, 2018.
  40. "El hijo de Claudia Sheinbaum que llego a Cannes". Cunadegrillos. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  41. 41.0 41.1 "Who is Jesús María Tarriba Unger, future husband of Claudia Sheinbaum" (in Spanish). Proceso. 23 November 2023.
  42. "Claudia Sheinbaum da positivo por coronavirus". El País. 27 October 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]