Cleft lip and cleft palate
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|Cleft lip and palate|
|Other names||Hare-lip, cleft lip and palate|
|Child with cleft lip and palate|
|Specialty||Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology, pediatrics|
|Symptoms||Opening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose or palate|
|Complications||Feeding problems, speech problems, hearing problems, frequent ear infections|
|Usual onset||Present at birth|
|Risk factors||Smoking during pregnancy, diabetes, obesity, older mother, certain medications|
|Treatment||Surgery, speech therapy, dental care|
|Prognosis||Good (with treatment)|
|Frequency||1.5 per 1000 births (developed world)|
A cleft lip is an opening in the upper lip that can expand into the nose. The opening may be on one side, both sides, or in the middle. A cleft palate happens when the palate has an opening into the nose.
References[change | change source]
- "Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate". October 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Watkins SE, Meyer RE, Strauss RP, Aylsworth AS (April 2014). "Classification, epidemiology, and genetics of orofacial clefts". Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 41 (2): 149–63. doi:10.1016/j.cps.2013.12.003. PMID 24607185.