Cleft lip and cleft palate

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Cleft lip and palate
Other namesHare-lip, cleft lip and palate
Cleftlipandpalate.JPG
Child with cleft lip and palate
SpecialtyOral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology, pediatrics
SymptomsOpening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose or palate[1]
ComplicationsFeeding problems, speech problems, hearing problems, frequent ear infections[1]
Usual onsetPresent at birth[1]
CausesUsually unknown[1]
Risk factorsSmoking during pregnancy, diabetes, obesity, older mother, certain medications[1][2]
TreatmentSurgery, speech therapy, dental care[1]
PrognosisGood (with treatment)[1]
Frequency1.5 per 1000 births (developed world)[2]
Deaths3,800 (2017)

A cleft lip is an opening in the upper lip that can expand into the nose. The opening may be on one side, both sides, or in the middle. A cleft palate happens when the palate has an opening into the nose.

These disorders can result in feeding problems, speech problems, hearing problems, and frequent ear infections. Less than half the time the condition is connected with other disorders.[1]

It is a birth defect and can be caused by smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate". October 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Watkins SE, Meyer RE, Strauss RP, Aylsworth AS (April 2014). "Classification, epidemiology, and genetics of orofacial clefts". Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 41 (2): 149–63. doi:10.1016/j.cps.2013.12.003. PMID 24607185.