Concert of Europe
The Concert of Europe was a group of countries in Europe who worked together and agreed on policies to maintain a steady balance of power which included alliances between the great powers in 1814 and 1914.
The member countries were the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia and Prussia (the predecessor to modern Germany). After Napoleon, ruler of France, was no longer in power, France joined the Concert of Europe. Its importance diminished after the Crimean War in 1853 when Britain and France declared war on Russia, although they were supposed to cooperate to solve disputes.
Leaders[change | change source]
The leaders of this concert include:
- British Foreign Secretary - Lord Castlereagh
- Austrian Chancellor - Prince Klemenz von Metternich
- Russian Czar - Alexander I
The Concert was also known as the Congress System, where leaders would meet and reach decisions by mutual agreement.
Goals[change | change source]
Important goals of the Concert:
- control France after many years of war
- develop a "balance of power" among the nations of Europe
- uphold the agreements set by the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)
- prevent another dictator from gaining too much power (like Napoleon)