Kingdom of Poland
|Motto: Z nami Bóg!|
"God is with us!"
|Anthem: Pieśń narodowa za pomyślność króla|
"National Song to the King's Well-being"
|Status||Constitutional monarchy under personal union with Russian Empire|
|Official languages||Polish, Russian|
|Alexander I (first)|
|Nicholas II (last)|
|9 June 1815|
|27 November 1815|
|29 November 1830|
• Incorporation to Russian Empire
|26 February 1832|
|23 January 1863|
• Establishment of Vistula Land
• Lost to Germany during WWI
|128,500 km2 (49,600 sq mi)|
• 1816 estimate
|Today part of||Poland, Latvia, Russia|
The first king was Alexander I, who created the university of Warsaw in 1816. In the years 1830–1831, there was November Uprising, whose result was abolition of the kingdom in 1832 and incorporation to Russian Empire.
The constitution of the kingdom was adopted on 27 November 1815, but it was replaced by Tsar Nicholas I with Organic Status.
Under reign of the Alexander II a major liberal reforms took place, political amnesty, conciliatory measures in cultural and religious matters, and the creation of the Agricultural Society to tackle the peasant question. In 1867, after January Uprising (1863-1864) the kingdom was transformed into province of Russian Empire called Vistula Land.
References[change | change source]
- Despite the incorporation of the kingdom in 1832 and transforming it into Vistula Land in 1867, the Russian rulers used the title of King of Poland until 1915. Which means that the kingdom existed de jure to 1915.
- Królestwo Polskie Encyklopedia PWN [2023-03-14]
- Congress Kingdom of Poland at Encyclopædia Britannica
- Małe tablice. Historia. Warsaw: Adamantan. 2017. p. 52. ISBN 978-83-7350-424-0.
- History of Poland at Encyclopædia Britannica