|Leaves and mature fruits in July|
C. hermaphrodita Turra
Name[change | change source]
The Spanish name emborrachacabras (that is, getting goats drunk) refers to the leaves' effect on goats that eat them. The French name (redoul) and Catalan name (roldor) come from Latin Rhus tyrius (Syrian or Tyrian sumac), referring to the leaves use in the traditional tannery industry, to make "Basil" leather.
Description[change | change source]
C. myrtifolia is a shrub to 2–3 m tall without hairs and with shiny leaves like the leaves of the myrtle (myrtifolia means "leaves like the leaves of the myrtle"). It produces small greenish flowers in spring (April to June) in racemes (a kind of inflorescence).
It produces fruits in early summer. The fruits look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals; it is the same of all the species of the genus Coriaria. Fruits cannot be eaten because their seeds are very poisonous.
Where it grows[change | change source]
- Southern Portugal.
- Spain, along the Mediterrean coast and mainly in Catalonia. In the Balearic Islands, it appears only in Ibiza.
- Southern France
- Italy, in the region near to France.
References[change | change source]
- Royal Botanic Gardens, Kews. "Coriaria myrtifolia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/synonomy.do?name_id=47220. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Tien-lu Ming and Anthony R. Brach. "Coriariaceae" (PDF). http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume11/Coriariaceae.pdf. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- The Free Dictionary. "Coriaria". http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Coriaria. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Coriariaceae". Frankia & Actinorhizal Plants. http://web.uconn.edu/mcbstaff/benson/Frankia/Coriariaceae.htm. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Montserrat, Pedro (1958). "Root Nodules of Coriaria". Nature 182 (475). doi:10.1038/182475a0. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v182/n4633/abs/182475a0.html.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Coriaria myrtifolia|
|Wikispecies has information on: Coriaria myrtifolia.|