Coriaria nepalensis

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coriaria napalensis
Scientific classification
C. napalensis
Binomial name
Coriaria napalensis

C. kweichowensis Hu
C. sinica Maximowicz
Morus calva H. Léveillé

Coriaria napalensis is a shrub growing in the foothills of Himalayas.[2]2-1 It blooms in spring and has beautiful yellow flowers and red fruits in summer.

Common names[change | change source]

In India, this plant is known in English as masuri berry, tanner's tree, mansur shrub; in Hindi as masuri, makola, masurya; in Nepali, macchaino.[3]

Description[change | change source]

It is a shrub, 1.5-2.5 metres tall. Flowers are in groups (inflorescences ) and they are male or female but in the same plant; It blooms from February to May.[1]

Fruits are red to dark purple when mature. They look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals. Fruits are produced from May to August but they cannot be eaten because their seeds are poisonous.[1]

The number of chromosomes is 40.[4]

Where it grows[change | change source]

C. napalensis grows in southern slopes of the Himalayas (Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan), usually between 800 and 2500 m.[5]

This species was also found in southern China in mountain slopes at 200–3200 m high. It has been found in the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan.[6]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tien-lu Ming and Anthony R. Brach. "Coriaceae" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  2. "Coriaria napalensis Wall". Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  3. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flowers of India". Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  4. Yokoyama, J., Suzuki M., Iwatsuki K., & Hasebe M. (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of Coriaria, with special emphasis on the disjunct distribution". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 14 (1): 11–19. doi:10.1006/mpev.1999.0672. PMID 10631039.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. Abdul Ghafoor. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flora of Pakistan". Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  6. Tien-lu Ming and Anthony R. Brach. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flora of China". Retrieved 2013-02-10.