Couque de Dinant

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Couques de Dinant at a Dinant bakery

The Couque de Dinant (English: Cake of Dinant) is an extremely hard and sweet biscuit. It is a traditional biscuit of the southern Belgian city of Dinant in Wallonia.

Preparation[change | change source]

Couques are made with three ingredients: wheat, flour and honey. Preparation is fairly easy: The same amount of each ingredient is added, and nothing else. For example, neither water nor yeast are added. The dough is put in a wooden mould. The wood is obtained from pear tree, walnut tree or beech tree. The moulds have many different shapes. These includes animals, floral patterns, people or landscapes.

The biscuit is cooked in an oven preheated to around 300 °C (575 °F) for 15 minutes. This allows the honey to caramelize. On cooling, the biscuit becomes very hard. It can be preserved indefinitely. Couques can be displayed as decoration as they will not rot. They are used as as Christmas tree ornaments, or used to commemorate special occasions.[1][2]

A different type, the couque de Rins also adds sugar to the dough.[1] It is sweeter and softer as a result.

Consumption[change | change source]

Couques de Dinant are fairly large. Here a smallish one is shown with a 1 euro coin for scale. The design is a view of Dinant.

Couques de Dinant cannot be bitten as they are very large and hard. They are instead broken into small pieces. The pieces can then be bitten, sucked, left to melt in the mouth or be soaked in coffee. Couques de Dinant have been traditionally given to babies during teething.[3]

Dinant bakeries see large sales over the summer season due to tourists. The consumption of couques is highest near Saint Nicholas Day in December. At that time of year, they are sold and eaten all over Belgium.[1]

Origins[change | change source]

A popular but unlikely legend said that couques came from from the sacking of Dinant in 1466. Dinant was sacked by Charles the Bold during the Liège Wars. The citizens were supposedly desperate and had little to eat but flour and honey. They then decided to make a dough by mixing honey and flour. As the dough was so hard, they find that ornaments can be made out of it. One example is dinanderie (local ornamental brasswork). The people thereby began the tradition of giving the biscults patterns.[1]

It is more clear that couque began to appear some time in the 18th century. The exact circumstances of its invention are unclear though.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "La couque de Dinant et de Rins". City of Dinant. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. "Belgium: Couques de Dinant (the Dinant Cookie or Dinant Cake)". European Cuisines. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. Alison Cornford-Matheson (23 August 2013). "Flamiche and Couques de Dinant – Two Foodie Favourites from Wallonia, Belgium". Cheese Web. Retrieved 5 October 2014.


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