The Croatian checkerboard or chequy (Croatian: šahovnica [ʃaxǒːʋnit͡sa]) is the national symbol of Croatia. It is the main shield of the Croatian coat of arms. On top of the main shield is the crown with five smaller shields. The squares in the šahovnica are always arranged the right way. They are colored red and white. It is considered to be one of the oldest national symbols in Europe.
Origin[change | change source]
There is a legend, probably from the 19th century, which talks about how the Croatian king Držislav, captured by the Venetians, played a chess match. His opponent was Doge Pietro II Orseolo. He won and became free, and in some versions of the story he also got power over the Dalmatian cities. Then he put the chessboard in his coat of arms.
Gallery[change | change source]
The Croatian chequy on a church in Baška
The coat of arms of Croatia, used in 1527 as part of a seal on the Cetingrad Charter.
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Croatia (1525-1868).
Coat of arms of the Croatian Crown land (until 1868)
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (1868–1918).
Coat of arms of Transleithania (1868-1915).
Patriotic badge from 1914
Banovina of Croatia (1939–1943).
Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945).
Socialist Republic of Croatia (1947–1990).
Early coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia (1990).
Coat of arms of Croatia proper
References[change | change source]
- "šahovnica - Hrvatski jezični portal - Znanje". Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "GRBOVI I DRESOVI EURA Kako je šahovnica postala simbol Hrvatske". Archived from the original on 23 July 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Je li šahovnica hrvatski grb? - Portal Hrvatskoga kulturnog vijeća". Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Postoje dokazi da Hrvati nisu Slaveni, već jedini narod koji je svoje korijene sačuvao 6500 godina". Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Legenda o nastanku hrvatskog grba - mojapovijest.com". Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Hrvatska šahovnica - povijest i njegovo značenje". Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- "Legende o hrvatskom grbu - Povijest.hr". Retrieved 20 July 2017.