Crohn's disease is a disease that causes the intestines to become swollen. The intestines may also develop ulcers. An ulcer is a sore that develops on the lining of the throat, stomach, or intestine. People with Crohn's disease often have pain in the stomach, diarrhea, vomiting, and weight loss. Crohn's can also cause skin rashes, arthritis, and swollen eyes. It was discovered by Burrill Bernard Crohn.
Nobody knows exactly what causes Crohn's disease. In the disease, the person's body attacks itself. The immune system attacks healthy parts of the digestive tract. This causes swelling in the digestive tract.
Like many other autoimmune diseases, Crohn's disease seems to be connected to the person's genes. People whose brothers or sisters have the disease are the most likely to get it. Men and women can both be affected by Crohn's disease.
The most common treatment for Crohn's disease is taking medicine. Individuals may also drink tea or eat special worms. Another possible treatment is to drink or eat fish oil. Surgery is a possible treatment. There is a 90% chance that the treatment will work.
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- Gale Encyclopedia of Nursing and Allied Health, 3rd ed., Detroit: Gale, 2013, pp. 910-913.