Cyprus (island)

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Areas of Cyprus; the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus zone is red, the Republic light blue, the buffer zone greenish, and the naval bases dark blue

Cyprus is a Mediterranean island off the coasts of Syria and Turkey. It is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; Sicily and Sardinia are larger. It is slightly larger than Puerto Rico. Geographically, it is part of Asia and in the Middle East, but for political reasons, it is sometimes counted as being part of Europe. Cyprus was part of the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years. The Greek god Aphrodite was from Cyprus. There are two states on the island:

These states are separated by a buffer zone, which is controlled by the United Nations. In addition to the two countries, there are Akrotiri and Dhekelia, two territories on the south zone which are under British control, and which are used as military bases.

The island has been Greek for thousands of years of recorded history, many empires have ruled Cyprus. They include Assyria, ancient Egypt Persia, Alexander the Great, the Roman Empire, the Byzantines, Arab caliphates for a short period, France, the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire. Cyprus is often described as an 'unsinkable aircraft carrier' due to its strategic position in the Eastern Mediterranean.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Cyprus Peace Council warns against island becoming aircraft carrier for imperialism after US military education plans unveiled". Morning Star. 2020-07-10. Retrieved 2021-06-04.