Dan (rank)

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A Dan is a measure of advanced rank, often used in martial arts and the board game go.[1] It usually ranges from 1 to 10,[2] with higher numbers indicating greater skill.[3] In martial arts, it is used for black belts only.[4] In go or shogi, players of 1 Dan or above can be considered "masters". Dan literally means "step" in Japanese.

Composition[change | change source]

Usually a the belt of Dan marital artist will have a number of strips according to the person's rank.[5]

Dan in Japan[change | change source]

This table shows how to call dan in Japanese.

Degree 1st Dan 2nd Dan 3rd Dan 4th Dan 5th Dan 6th Dan 7th Dan 8th Dan 9th Dan 10th Dan
Pronunciation Shodan[6] Nidan Sandan Yondan Godan Rokudan Shichidan[7] Hachidan Kudan Jūdan[2]
Kanji 初段 弐段/二段[8] 参段/三段[9] 四段 五段 六段 七段 八段 九段 十段[2]

Notable players with higher dan[change | change source]

Go and shogi players are usually called by their dan by media like NHK and Asahi Shinbun.

Dan Japanese and Chinese Name of players
9 九段 Rui Naiwei[10], Go Seigen, Eio Sakata, Masao Kato
8 八段 Mika Yoshida, Kazuko Konishi
7 七段 Ayumi Suzuki, Ichiyo Shimizu
6 六段 Kana Satomi, Hiroe Nakai, Xie Yimin

References and notes[change | change source]

  1. In Japan, Dan ranks are given by Nihon Ki-in and Kansai Ki-in.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 senseis.xmp.net?Judan
  3. http://www.answers.com/Dan
  4. Dan Overview. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  5. Dan Stripes. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
  6. Shodan is "beginning grade".
  7. Sometimes also pronounced Nanadan.
  8. The older kanji for "2"--弐--is usually used.
  9. The older kanji for "3"--参--is usually used.
  10. senseis.xmp.net?RuiNaiwei