Daylesford, Victoria

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Daylesford as seen from Wombat Hill
Daylesford is located in Shire of Hepburn
Coordinates37°21′0″S 144°09′0″E / 37.35000°S 144.15000°E / -37.35000; 144.15000Coordinates: 37°21′0″S 144°09′0″E / 37.35000°S 144.15000°E / -37.35000; 144.15000
Population2,548 (2016 census)[1]
Elevation616 m (2,021 ft)
LGA(s)Shire of Hepburn
State electorate(s)Macedon
Federal division(s)Ballarat
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
15.5 °C
60 °F
7.0 °C
45 °F
882.4 mm
34.7 in

Daylesford is a town in Victoria, Australia. It is in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range, within the Shire of Hepburn, and about 108 kilometres north-west of Melbourne. The town was first settled in 1852 as a gold-mining town. There were 2,548 people living in Daylesford in 2016.

The area around the town, including Hepburn Springs to the north, is known for its natural spring mineral spas. Over 80 per cent of Australia's sparkling mineral water is found in this area.[2]

Daylesford is one of Australia's few spa towns. Many people visit for the spas, as well as the restaurants and galleries. It is also the filming location for the third season of The Saddle Club.

J. Tenseld, Main Street, Daylesford, 1862, State Library of Victoria

The area was the home of the Djadja Wurrung Aborigines. Farmers began to move into the district in 1838. In 1848, Irish immigrant John Egan took up land on the future town site then known as Wombat Flat. He and a party of searchers found gold in 1851 on land now covered by Lake Daylesford. This started a local gold rush. More gold was found around the area. The town site was surveyed and founded in 1852. At first the town was called Wombat, and later renamed Daylesford.[3]

In 1859 there were 3400 people digging for gold. The post office opened on 1 February 1858 [4] and a telegraph office was opened in August 1859.[5] Daylesford was declared a municipality in 1859 and a borough in the early 1860s.[3]

By the 1860s all the alluvial gold had been found. Large mines were built to get the gold that was found underground in the quartz reefs. Mining continued until the 1930s. In later years Daylesford became associated as being a fashionable spa resort, this ended during the Great Depression.[3] In the 1990s it became fashionable again.

The Daylesford Magistrates' Court closed on 1 January 1990.[6]

Climate[change | change source]

Daylesford is 616 metres (2,021 ft) above sea level. It has a cooler, wetter climate than Melbourne. Summer (January–February) temperatures range from 10 to 37 °C (50 to 99 °F). July temperatures are cold, ranging from about 1–2 °C (34–36 °F) to 9 °C (48 °F). Annual precipitation, occasionally falling as snow, averages about 880 mm (35 in). In some years, rainfall has been as low as 445 mm (17.5 in) to over 1,350 mm (53 in) in other years.

Economy[change | change source]

Lake Daylesford
Lake Daylesford, 2018.

The Daylesford-Hepburn Springs area, has 65 mineral springs. This is more than 80 per cent of Australia’s known mineral water springs.[7] As a result, there are a number of spa developments including Hepburn Bathhouse & Spa, Mineral Spa at Peppers Springs Retreat and Salus Spa, Lake House. The town holds a number of annual events, including the ChillOut Festival in March each year, the largest gay and lesbian festival in rural and regional Australia; the Harvest Week Festival; the lavender festival; and the Hepburn Springs Swiss Italian Festival celebrating the town's Swiss-Italian heritage.[8]

Major industries in the economy of Daylesford today are healthcare, accommodation and food, and retail trade.[9]

Daylesford State School c.1875

The town has several primary schools and one public secondary school, Daylesford Secondary College. The secondary college began as a mining school in 1890. Other schools include Daylesford Primary School, St. Michael's Primary School, and Daylesford Dharma School.

Transport[change | change source]

The Daylesford Boathouse from the air.

The Midland Highway runs directly through the town. It links to Castlemaine in the north and Ballarat in the south-west.

The railway to the town closed in 1978.[10] The railway layout at Daylesford station was unusual in that the lines from Creswick and Carlsruhe both entered the station from the same end. The Daylesford Spa Country Railway currently operates a Sunday tourist service to Musk and Bullarto along the line towards Carlsruhe.[source?]

Sport[change | change source]

The town has an Australian Rules football team which plays in the Central Highlands Football League.[11] There is also the Daylesford and Hepburn United Soccer Club also known as the Saints .The Saints have won four league titles in their 20-year history along with two cup finals.[12]

Notable people[change | change source]

Karl von Möller's family home

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Daylesford (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2017-07-09. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. "Tourism industry resources" (PDF). Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources.[permanent dead link]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "History of Daylesford". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-29.
  4. Freeman, Hugh H.; GeoffT. White, Geoff T. (2001). The Numeral Cancellations of Victoria. Melbourne: The Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria. ISBN 978-0-947345-16-7.
  5. Gibbs, Christine (1984). History of Postal Services in Victoria. Melbourne: Australia Post.
  6. "Review of Legal Services in Rural and Regional Victoria" (PDF). Parliament of Victoria Law Reform Committee. May 2001. pp. 291–292. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  7. "Victoria's Spa and Wellbeing Action Plan 2011" (PDF). Tourism Victoria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  8. "Daylesford Festivals, Markets and Shows". Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  9. "National Regional Profile : Daylesford (Statistical Area Level 2)". Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  10. Osborne, Murrell (1978). Timber, Spuds and Spa. Australian Railway Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-85849-023-9.
  11. Full Points Footy. "Daylesford". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
  12. "Daylesford & Hepburn United Soccer Club".

Sources[change | change source]

  • Daylesford Advocate, Mercury, Express, Mercury-Express. 1859-1870

Other websites[change | change source]