The 2001 crisis in Argentina is sometimes known as the Argentinazo. (pronounced [aɾxentiˈnaso]) It was a political, economic, social, and institutional crisis. It was fueled by a revolt under the slogan "All of them must go!" (Spanish: ¡Que se vayan todos!). This led to the resignation of the president of Argentina, Fernando de la Rúa, giving rise to a period of political instability during which five officials exercised the National Executive Power in a few months.
|2001 riots in Argentina|
|Date||19–20 December 2001|
|Caused by||Economic crisis |
Crisis of the Convertibility plan
|Parties to the civil conflict|
This happened within a larger crisis that lasted between 1998 and 2002. It was caused by a long recession that made a humanitarian, social, economic, financial and political crisis. During the crisis, 39 people were killed by state and private security agents.
Overview[change | change source]
The trigger for the crisis was the imposition of the "Corralito" on December 2, 2001. It was a government provision that restricted the withdrawal of cash from banks. This was designed by the then Minister of Economy Domingo Cavallo. This had a major impact on the lower class, mostly unbanked, and the middle class, which was strongly restricted in their economic movements.
On December 13, the workers' unions declared a general strike, and violent outbreaks began to take place in some cities in the country and in Greater Buenos Aires. They were mainly looting by unemployed and indigent sectors of the population, theft of trucks in the routes, common robberies and street cuts in the cities.
The revolt led to a social outburst on the night of December 19, 2001, soon after Fernando de la Rúa announced the establishment of a state of siege. Many people took to the streets throughout the country to express their discontent with the government and political representatives. This lasted all night and the next day, when the order was given to repress the demonstrators, 39 of whom were killed. Most of the people win the protests were self-convened and did not respond to any political party, union or structured social organization.
On December 20 at 7:37 p.m., the president resigned and left the Casa Rosada by helicopter.
During the following twelve days there was a high level instability that also led to the resignation of successor president Adolfo Rodríguez Saa.
The social and economic instability, as well as the ignorance of the legitimacy of political representatives, extended in the following years.
References[change | change source]
- Moreno, Federico (27 January 2006). "Four years after the Argentinazo". Socialist Worker. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- Klein, Naomi (24 January 2003). "Out of the ordinary". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
- Dennis, Rodgers (April 2005). "Unintentional democratisation? The Argentinazo and the politics of participatory budgeting in Buenos Aires, 2001-2004". eprints.lse.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- Sáenz, Robert; Cruz Bernal, Isidora (Spring 2003). "The driving forces behind the 'Argentinazo'". International Socialism Journal. 98. Archived from the original on 2021-02-24. Retrieved 2022-07-03 – via Socialist Review and International Socialism Journal Index.
- "Who are the dead of 2001?". Filede Cases. December 20, 2001.[permanent dead link]