Delmonico's is the name of series of restaurants in New York City. The original and most famous was operated by the Delmonico family during the 19th and early 20th centuries, but the last family-owned restaurant closed due to a Prohibition-era slowdown in 1923. Since that time restaurants using the Delmonico's name have reopened elsewhere in Manhattan under different owners.
The original Delmonico's began in a rented pastry shop at 23 William Street in 1827, appearing listed as a restaurant in 1830. They moved several times before settling at 2 South William Street for eighty years, it is credited with being the first restaurant in America to allow patrons to order from a menu à la carte, as opposed to table d’hôte. It is also claimed to be the first to employ a separate wine list.
At the peak of "Delmonico's" fame the family operated four restaurants under the name at the same time, and a total of ten during their ownership.
Six years after they closed the doors of their last restaurateur Oscar Tucci opened a Delmonico's at 2 South William Street, which stayed in business until 1977. Other Delmonicos have operated in the space from 1981–1992 and from 1998 to present.
History[change | change source]
Origin[change | change source]
The restaurant was opened by the brothers John and Peter Delmonico, from Ticino, Switzerland. In 1831, they were joined by their nephew, Lorenzo Delmonico, who eventually became responsible for the restaurant's wine list and menu. When the William Street building was opened on a grand scale in August 1837, after the Great Fire of New York, New Yorkers were told that the columns by the entrance had been imported from the ruins of Pompeii.
Expansion and closure[change | change source]
Beginning in the 1850s, the restaurant hosted the annual gathering of the New England Society of New York which featured many important speakers of the day. In 1860, Delmonico's provided the supper at the Grand Ball welcoming the Prince of Wales at the Academy of Music on East 14th Street. Supper was set out in a specially constructed room; the menu was French, and the pièces montées represented Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the Great Eastern and Flora's Vase. The New York Times reported, "We may frankly say that we have never seen a public supper served in a more inapproachable fashion, with greater discretion, or upon a more luxurious scale". In 1862, the restaurant hired Charles Ranhofer, considered one of the greatest chefs of his day.
In 1919, Edward L.C. Robins purchased Delmonico's. Its grand location at Fifth Avenue and 44th Street closed in 1923 as a result of changing dining habits due to Prohibition. That was the Delmonico's linked with the original family business.
Almost immediately after the closing of the last Delmonico's, a number of imitators opened "Delmonico's" restaurants. The Delmonico family attempted to retain exclusive rights to the name, but a court ruled that with the closing of the last restaurant the name had passed into the public domain.
|23 William Street||December 13, 1827—December 16, 1835 (destroyed by fire)||“Delmonico & Brother, confectioners” small cafe and pastry shop|
|25 William Street||March, 1830—December 16, 1835 (destroyed by fire)||“Delmonico & Brother, confectioners and Restaurant Francais”|
|76 Broad Street||February 23, 1836—July 19, 1845, (destroyed by fire)|
|2 South William St.||August, 1837—July 10, 1890. Rebuilt and reopened July 7, 1891, closed 1917||“Delmonico's Restaurant," informally called “The Citadel.”|
|25 Broadway||June 1, 1846—1856||The Delmonico Hotel|
|Chambers Street and Broadway||1856—October 26, 1876|
|East 14th Street and 5th Avenue||April 9, 1862—September 11, 1876|
|22 Broad Street||1865—1893|
|Fifth Avenue and 26th St.||September 11, 1876—April 18, 1899||Lobster a la Newberg invented here in 1876|
|112-114 Broadway near Pine St.||October 26, 1876—1888|
|Fifth Avenue and 44th Street||November 15, 1897—May 21, 1923||The final Delmonico-owned restaurant|
Later revivals[change | change source]
In 1927, Oscar Tucci reopened Delmonico's popularly called "Oscar's Delmonico" at the old restaurant at 2 South William Street in New York. Tucci used the original menus and recipes. Tucci created the famous Wedge Salad. Oscar's Delmonico became distinguished in its own right, continuing to attract prominent politicians and celebrities.. The Tucci legacy continued in Greenwich, CT, when Mario Tucci, son of Oscar, opened Delmonico's in 1986.
In 1989, a new Delmonico's was opened at the location by Ed Huber, which operated until 1992.
The building was vacant until 1998, when the Bice Group acquired the property and again opened a Delmonico's, with Gian Pietro Branchi as executive chef. In 1999, the restaurant was sold to the Ocinomled partnership, which continues to operate Delmonico's at the South William Street location.
Signature dishes[change | change source]
Lobster Newberg, and Delmonico Potatoes were invented at Delmonico's restaurant, and possibly Chicken à la King, but it was most famous for Delmonico steak. Eggs Benedict were also said to have originated at Delmonico’s, although others claim that dish as well. Baked Alaska's name was coined at Delmonico's as well.[source?]
Notable patrons[change | change source]
Among the many well-known people who patronized Delmonico's are Jenny Lind, who, it was said, ate there after every show, Theodore Roosevelt, Mark Twain, "Diamond Jim" Brady, Lillian Russell, usually in the company of Diamond Jim, Charles Dickens, Oscar Wilde, J.P. Morgan, James Gordon Bennett, Jr., Walter Scott, Nikola Tesla, Edward VII, then the Prince of Wales, and Napoleon III of France. Journalist Jacob A. Riis claimed to be a patron of a different sort: in his book, The Making of an American, he mentioned that when he was down on his luck, a kindly French-speaking cook at Delmonico’s would pass him rolls through the basement window.
Other Delmonico's[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "History of Delmonico's Restaurant and business operations in New York". http://www.steakperfection.com/delmonico/History.html.
- Sic: "irreproachable" may have been intended, unless a covert reference to the evening's crush was implied.
- Susan Bindig (1989), "New York Welcomes the Prince of Wales (1860)", Dance Chronicle 12 (.2): pp. 234
- Joe O'Connell (August 25, 2001). "History of Delmonico's Restaurant and business operations in New York". http://www.steakperfection.com/delmonico/History.html.
- Lately Thomas (1967). Delmonico's - A Century of Splendor. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. pp. 333–336. .
- Ed Huber. "Not in My Neighborhood: The owner of one of America's most historic restaurants faces a modern problem". Guideposts. http://www.guideposts.com/story/delmonicos-neighborhood-homeless?page=0,0.
- "What's Cooking America: "History of Poultry Dishes: Chicken A' La King". http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/PoultryDishes.htm.
- Butler, Mabel C. (November 26, 1967), "Letters: Benedicts' Eggs", The New York Times Magazine: SM40, http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F1061FF63D5814728FDDAF0A94D9415B878AF1D3, retrieved 2007-02-23
- "Talk of the Town", The New Yorker, December 19, 1942
- Claiborne, Craig (September 24, 1967), "American Classic: Eggs Benedict", The New York Times Magazine: 290, http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40B13FB3B5F16738DDDAD0A94D1405B878AF1D3, retrieved 2007-02-19
- Photograph included in the Museum of Modern Art exhibition, Pictures of the Times: A Century of Photography from the New York Times MoMA, No. 22 (Summer), 1996:10-130 illus. p. 13.
- "John Delmonico - pioneer of fine dining in America" by Milford Prewitt. Nation's Restaurant News, February, 1996.
- New York Architecture Images - Delmonico's
- Website of modern-day Delmonico's restaurant in New York. (Opened in 1998.)