Delta II

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Delta II
Delta II Dawn liftoff 1.jpg
A Delta II rocket launches from Cape Canaveral carrying the Dawn spacecraft.
FunctionLaunch vehicle
ManufacturerUnited Launch Alliance
Country of originUnited States
Cost per launchUS$51 million in 1987 (7920-10 mod.)[1]
Size
Height38.2–39 m (125–128 ft)
Diameter2.44 m (8 ft 0 in)
Mass151,700–231,870 kg (334,440–511,190 lb)
Stages2 or 3
Capacity
Payload to LEO2,700–6,100 kg (6,000–13,400 lb)
Payload to GTO900–2,170 kg (1,980–4,780 lb)
Payload to HCO1,000 kg (2,200 lb)
Launch history
StatusRetired
Launch sitesCape Canaveral SLC-17
Vandenberg AFB SLC-2W
Total launches156
Delta 6000: 17
Delta 7000: 132
Delta 7000H: 6
Successes154
Delta 6000: 17
Delta 7000: 130
Delta 7000H: 6
Failures1 (Delta 7000)
Partial failures1 (Delta 7000)
First flight
Last flight
  • Delta 6000: 24 July 1992 (Geotail)
  • Delta 7000: 15 September 2018 (ICESat-2)
  • Delta 7000H: 10 September 2011 (GRAIL)
Boosters (6000 Series) – Castor 4A
No. boosters9
MotorSolid
Thrust478 kN (107,000 lbf)
Specific impulse266 s
Burn time56 s
Boosters (7000 Series) – GEM 40
No. boosters3, 4, or 9
MotorSolid
Thrust492.9 kN (110,800 lbf)
Specific impulse274 s
Burn time64 s
Boosters (7000 Heavy) – GEM 46
No. boosters9
MotorSolid
Thrust628.3 kN (141,200 lbf)
Specific impulse278 s
Burn time75 s
First stage – Thor/Delta XLT(-C)
Engines1 RS-27 (6000 series) or RS-27A (7000 series)[2]
Thrust1,054 kN (237,000 lbf)
Specific impulse302 s
Burn time265 s
FuelLOX/RP-1
Second stage – Delta K
Engines1 AJ10-118K
Thrust43.6 kN (9,800 lbf)
Specific impulse319 s
Burn time431 s
FuelTemplate:N2O4 / Aerozine 50
Third stage – PAM-D (optional)
MotorStar 48B
Thrust66 kN (15,000 lbf)
Specific impulse286 s
Burn time87 s

Delta II was a rocket used to launch various projects into space. The Delta series of rockets were first designed and made by McDonnell Douglas. This company joined with Boeing in 1997. Delta II rockets had been made since 2006 by United Launch Alliance, which is a joint company owned by Boeing and Lockheed Martin to supply launch rockets to the US government. Boeing Launch Services supplied Delta II rockets to private companies.

The Delta II rockets were based on the Thor rockets built in the 1950's. These were used to carry Inter Continental Ballistic Missiles. The first Thor was launched on January 26, 1957.[3] The Delta II rocket was first launched on February 14, 1989.[3] The rocket was developed after the explosion of the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1986. The US Air Force needed another way to launch its GPS satellites.[3] As of 2018, there had been 156 Delta II launches from both Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Vandenburg Air Force Base.[3] Only two launches were unsuccessful. In August 1995, a rocket motor failure meant the Koreasat 1 was put into a lower orbit, and in January 1997 Delta 241 carrying a GPS satellite exploded 13 seconds after taking off.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 3, 2006. Retrieved November 3, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Graham, William (October 28, 2011). "Delta II successfully launches NPP satellite on behalf of NASA and NOAA". nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved November 6, 2012.

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