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Democratic Left Alliance (Poland)

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Democratic Left Alliance
Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej
LeaderWłodzimierz Czarzasty
FounderAleksander Kwaśniewski
Founded9 July 1991 (as a coalition)
15 April 1999 (as a party)
Dissolved27 January 2020 (2020-01-27)
Merger ofSdRP, minor parties (1991)
Merged intoNew Left
Headquartersul. Złota 9 Warsaw
Youth wingSocial Democratic Youth Federation
Membership (2018)33,554[1]
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left[6]
National affiliationThe LeftA[›]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
European Parliament groupProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours  Red

^ A: Previously SLD-UP (2001–14), Left and Democrats (2006–08), United Left (2015) and the European Coalition (2019).

The Democratic Left Alliance was a social-democratic[7][8][9] political party in Poland. It was formed on 9 July 1991 as an electoral alliance of centre-left parties. It became a single party on 15 April 1999. It was the major coalition party in Poland between 1993 and 1997, and between 2001 and 2005, with four Prime ministers coming from the party: Józef Oleksy, Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Leszek Miller and Marek Belka. It then faded into opposition, overshadowed by the rise of Civic Platform and Law and Justice.

In February 2020, the party initiated a process to absorb the Spring party, choosing the name New Left (Polish: Nowa Lewica), and changing to a more modern logo.

The party was a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Polskie partie to fikcja". Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  2. "SLD dołącza do Koalicji Europejskiej na eurowybory. Kandydatami m.in. Miller, Belka i Cimoszewicz". gazetapl (in Polish). 16 February 2019. Retrieved 2019-05-08.
  3. "SLD - historia" (in Polish). 5 July 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  4. "Miller broni wojny z terroryzmem" (in Polish). Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  5. "Jak rozpętaliśmy..." (in Polish). Archived from the original on 14 February 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  6. Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister, eds. (15 September 2017). The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model. Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. p. 352. ISBN 978-3-8305-1727-6.
  7. José Magone (26 August 2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  8. Susanne Jungerstam-Mulders (2006). Post-Communist Eu Member States: Parties and Party Systems. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-7546-4712-6. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  9. Dimitri Almeida (27 April 2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. CRC Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0. Retrieved 14 July 2013.