Denmark-Norway

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Denmark–Norway
Danmark–Norge
Personal union (1523–1533)
Dualistic unitary state (1537–1814)
1523–1533
1537–1814
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Capital Copenhagen
and Oslo (Only in Norway 1523–1537)
Languages Official:
Danish, German, Renaissance Latin
Also spoken: Norwegian, Icelandic, Faroese, Sami, Greenlandic
Religion Lutheran
Government Elective monarchy 1523–1660 (Denmark)
Hereditary monarchy 1660–1814 (Denmark)
(Absolutism since 1660)
Elective monarchy 1523–1537 (Norway (de facto))
Hereditary monarchy 1537–1814 (Absolutism since 1661)
King
 •  1524–1533 Frederick I
 •  1588–1648 Christian IV
 •  1648–1670 Frederick III
 •  1808–1814a Frederick VI
Legislature
Historical era Early modern Europe
 •  Gustav Vasa elected
    King of Sweden

June 6, 1523
 •  Kalmar Union collapsed 1523
 •  Norwegian riksråd
    abolished

1537
 •  Danish rigsråd
    abolished

October 14, 1660
 •  Lex Regia confirms
    absolutism

November 14, 1665
 •  Treaty of Brömsebro August 13, 1645
 •  Treaty of Roskilde February 26, 1658
 •  Treaty of Kiel January 14, 1814
 •  Congress of Vienna September 1814 – June 1815
Area
 •  1780b 487,476 km2 (188,216 sq mi)
Population
 •  1645c est. 1,315,000 
 •  1801d est. 1,859,000 
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kalmar Union
Denmark
Kingdom of Norway (1814)
Today part of

As territory

As colonies

  • a: Frederick VI was regent for his father, so ruled as de facto king from April 14, 1784; he continued to rule Denmark after the Treaty of Kiel until his death on December 3, 1839.
  • b: Denmark (43,094 km2 or 16,639 sq mi), Schleswig-Holstein (15,763 km2 or 6,086 sq mi), Norway (mainland: 324,220 km2 or 125,180 sq mi), Faroes (1,399 km2 or 540 sq mi), Iceland (103,000 km2 or 40,000 sq mi). (With Greenland: additional 2,175,600 km2 or 840,000 sq mi.)
  • c: Estimated 825,000 in Denmark, 440,000 in Norway and 50,000 in Iceland[2]
  • d: 929,000 in Denmark, 883,000 in Norway and 47,000 in Iceland[3]

The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway was a union between the two kingdoms Denmark and Norway, which lasted from 1536 to 1814.[4][5] During this time, the capital of both countries was Copenhagen, and they shared the same military. The kingdom also possessed colonies in Greenland, Iceland, Africa, the Caribbean and India.

Monarchs[change | change source]

  • 1524–1533: Frederick I
  • 1588–1648: Christian IV
  • 1648–1670: Frederick III
  • 1808–1814: Frederick VI

References[change | change source]

  1. regjeringen.no (5 July 2011). "A Forerunner to the Norwegian Council of State". Government.no. 
  2. Historisk Tidsskrift: Nyt om Trediveårskrigen (Danish)
  3. Tacitus.no – Skandinaviens befolkning (Swedish)
  4. "Denmark". World Statesmen. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  5. "Norway". World Statesmen. Retrieved 18 January 2015.