Deux-Sèvres

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Deux-Sèvres
Department
Niort from the Sèvre Nantaise river
Niort from the Sèvre Nantaise river
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Deux-Sèvres in France
Location of Deux-Sèvres in France
Coordinates: 46°30′N 0°20′E / 46.5°N 0.333°E / 46.5; 0.333Coordinates: 46°30′N 0°20′E / 46.5°N 0.333°E / 46.5; 0.333
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Niort
Subprefectures Bressuire, Parthenay
Government[1]
 • President of the General Council Gilbert Favreau
Area[2]
 • Total 5,999.4 km2 (2,316.4 sq mi)
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 371,632
 • Rank 65th
 • Density 61.9449/km2 (160.4365/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Deux-Sévriens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-79
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 297
Website http://www.deux-sevres.com

Deux-Sèvres is a department in western France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Deux-Sèvres means literally "Two Sèvres": the Sèvre Nantaise and the Sèvre Niortaise; these are two rivers which flow through the department.

History[change | change source]

Deux-Sèvres is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790.

The new department had six districts: Melle, Niort, Saint-Maixent, Parthenay, Thouars and Châtillon (today Mauléon). The capital (now prefecture) was Niort alternating Saint-Maixent and Parthenay but soon only Niort was the only capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Melle, Niort, Parthenay and Thouars. Thouars was changed by Bressuire in 1804.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bressuire and Melle were eliminated. On 1 June 1942, Bressuire was again an arrondissement.[4]

The borders of the department were changed in 1973 when the inhabitants of the little commune of Puy-Saint-Bonnet joined the commune of Cholet in the neighbouring department of Maine-et-Loire.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Deux-Sèvres is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 5,999.4 km2 (2,316 sq mi).[2]

The highest point of the department is Terrier de Saint-Martin, 272 m (892 ft) high, in the commune of Saint-Martin-du-Fouilloux.

The department is bordered by the departments: Maine-et-Loire, Vienne, Charente, Charente-Maritime and Vendée.

The main rivers in the department are:

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Niort is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Niort is 647.7 mm (25.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 94 mm (3.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 25.4 mm (1.0 in).

The average temperature for the year in Niort is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.5 °C (41.9 °F).

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Charente in Niort.[1] Deux-Sèvres is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 297 communes (municipalities) in Deux-Sèvres.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
791 Bressuire Bressuire 96,297   1,622.6   59.3 55
792 Niort Niort 210,986   2,791.6   75.6 165
793 Parthenay Parthenay 64,349   1,585.1   40.6 77

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Deux-Sèvres department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[7]

  1. Autize-Egray
  2. Bressuire
  3. Celles-sur-Belle
  4. Cerizay
  5. Frontenay-Rohan-Rohan
  6. La Gâtine
  7. Mauléon
  8. Melle
  9. Mignon-et-Boutonne
  10. Niort-1
  11. Niort-2
  12. Niort-3
  13. Parthenay
  14. La Plaine Niortaise
  15. Saint-Maixent-l'École
  16. Thouars
  17. Le Val de Thouet

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Deux-Sèvres are known, in French, as Deux-Sévriens (women: Deux-Sévriennes).[8]

Deux-Sèvres has a population, in 2013, of 371,632,[3] for a population density of 61.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Niort, with 210,986 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bressuire and Parthenay, have respectively 96,297 and 64,349 inhabitants.[6]

The city with more people living in it is Niort (57,393).[6]

The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)[6]
Arrondissement
Niort 57,393 Niort
Bressuire 18,962 Bressuire
Parthenay 10,204 Parthenay
Thouars 9,302 Bressuire
Mauléon 8,414 Bressuire
Chauray 6,655 Niort
Saint-Maixent-l’École 6,545 Niort
Nueil-les-Aubiers 5,632 Bressuire
Aiffres 5,450 Niort
La Crèche 5,435 Niort

Economy[change | change source]

The department is still a very rural area, with a large proportion of the land of the departmen used for farming. Wheat and oats are the main products grown, as well as potatoes, apples, and walnuts. Vineyards are numerous in the north.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Conseil départemental des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Deux-Sèvres - Le Départment. http://www.deux-sevres.com/deux-sevres/Institutionnel/LeConseildépartemental/Lassembléedépartementale.aspx. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département des Deux-Sèvres (79) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-79. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 21 August.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Historique des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/79his.html. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  5. "Niort, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598850&cityname=Niort%2C+Poitou-Charentes%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Populations lègales 2013 - 79-Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Populations légales 2013 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=79&annee=2013. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  7. "Décret n° 2014-176 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637204. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  8. "Deux-Sèvres (79)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/deux-sevres-79. Retrieved 21 August 2016.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]