Origins[change | change source]
There is a lot of speculation who the Dhunds are and where they really came from.
One story is that the Dhund came from the Arabia with the armies of Muhammad bin Qasim when he invaded Sindh. According to another story, they came much later, when Muhammad Ghori asked for help from the Abbasid caliph[source?]. Nine hundred soldiers were then supposedly sent by the Abbasis to India for help and settled in the areas after the Ghorids won the war against Prithviraj Chauhan[source?]. Later they spread to other parts of India.[source?] According to this spurious version of the story, they are either Arab soldiers of the Abbasid forces, or even distant relations of the Abbasids.[source?]
Another story says that they share the same ancestry as their neighbours, the Tanoli[source?]. This story says that their ancestor came to India with Timur[source?]. A descendant of this ancestor went to Kahuta during the reign of Shah Jahan[source?]. His sons were the ancestors of the Abbasi, the Tanoli, and several other modern tribes.
British and most later scholars have said that these stories are probably not true. They instead claim that all of these tribes are of local, indigenous Hindu origin. They have said that the Dhund are closely related to the Karlal tribe also living nearby. In the censuses of 1881, 1891 and 1901, many of the Dhund identified as either "Dhund" or "Rajputs". Rose and others (1911) wrote that the Dhund tribespeople in Hazara claimed descent from Rajput chieftains and continued to practise Hindu customs. However, Donnan wrote that this was an unusual claim and that it was generally accepted that the Dhund had converted to Islam from Hinduism.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Sarwat Ali (25 June 2006). "Mystique of Murree - Review". Footloose. The News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080906181551/http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/jun2006-weekly/nos-25-06-2006/foo.htm.
- "Tribes and Language". Murree. http://www.murreehill.com/tribes.htm. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Pahari-Potwari Ethnologue
- P Mayne, 'Hill Tribes on the North-West Frontier and Punjab' Lahore, 1945. Also see Mayne, 1956
- Hastings Donnan (1988). Marriage Among Muslims: Preference and Choice in Northern Pakistan. International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp.; BRILL. pp. 43–47, 60. . http://books.google.com.au/books?id=PL_ACoFwJ2gC&pg=PA60. "...elsewhere it is recorded that Dhund show little trace of Hindu influences (Punjab District Gazeteer, 1909a:72)."
- Horace Arthur Rose; Denzil Ibbetson; Edward Douglas Maclagan (1911). A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province. 2. Lahore: Government Printing. pp. 240–241. https://archive.org/details/glossaryoftribes03rose.
- Denzil Ibbetson (1916). Panjab Castes. Lahore: Government Printing. p. 152. https://archive.org/details/panjabcastes00ibbe.
- Hazara District Gazeteer 1883-84, pub 1884, pp. 69-70
- Census Report of Hazara District, 1881, with Appendices on tribal relations, alliances and origins, pp. 34, 36-37; also see Y. Gankovsky (1964) The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic Study. Lahore; and O. P. Mayne (1956) Amongst the Pathans and their neighbouring tribes. Karachi.
- See Donnan, 1988
- See Donnan
More reading[change | change source]
- Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology (University of Pittsburgh) 24 (3): 183-196