This article needs more sources for reliability. (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Dhund Abbasi (also written Dhúnd; Urdu: دھند عباسی) is a sub tribe of Abbasi Tribe in northern Pakistan. They are mainly settled in Abbottabad District and the Murree Hills, Tehsil Kohota and in District Rawalpindi, District Haripur and Mansehra of KPK, District Bagh & Muzaffarabad of Azad Kashmir. The tribe speaks the Dhundi-Kairlali hill dialect of Pahari-Pothwari. Apart from Abbottabad and Murree, there are large populations of Abbasis living in the Rawalpindi District of Punjab and the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir.
Origins[change | change source]
They came to ancient Pakistan as traders and merchants from Egypt, trading in commodities like fabrics, perfumes and diamonds. They established a colony near Delhi in 1232. Sardar Tolak Khan, who came to Kashmir during the reign of King Zain-ul-Abidin, settled in the Poonch area (now the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir).
The tribe traces its roots back to Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, The Dhund Abbasis are descendents of the Abbasid dynasty. The descendants of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib assumed authority over the muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750 CE and were known as the Abbasids, this dynasty governed for 500 years from Baghdad, Iraq. The rule of the Abbasids extended eastwards across Afghanistan into the South Asian subcontinent, covering the eastern part of modern-day Pakistan.
Dhunds are the largest and most prominent tribe of Murree. They claim to be descendents of Abbass, one of the uncles of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Historically besides Murree, tribal abode of Dhund Abbasis include parts of present day Islamabad Capital Territory, Tehsil Kahuta and Kotli Sattian of Rawalpindi, District Abbottabad, Haripur and Mansehra of KPK and Deerkot tehsil in the Bagh district of Azad Kashmir. Besides there is a large population of Dhund tribe in Kahuta tehsil, who are known as Jasgam. According to Gazetteer Rawalpindi 1893-4 they had thirteen villages in tehsil Kahuta to at the time.
According to Census of India 1881 total population of Dhund Abbasis, excluding Jasgams, in Rawalpindi and Hazara districts was 32690 of which 18268 lived in Rawalpindi and 14412 in Hazara. Furthermore, Abbasis' constitute overwhelming majority the population of Deerkot tehsil in Bagh district of Azad Kashmir.
Current data is not available but the total population of Dhunds (Abbasi's) in Murree and surrounding areas of Rawalpindi, Islamabad, NWFP and Azad Kashmir would be around 1000,000. There is little known about the origin of the tribe. It is believed that their first abode in the area was Chamankot, near Deerkot in Azad Kashmir from where they spread to different adjacent areas.
It is however in the folklore stories that one of the ancestor Sardar Zorab Khan Abbasi (1011 AD) who was the Commander of Abbasid Army in Hirat, Afghanistan during the Abbasid dynasty attacked on the state of Kashmir when the Kashmiri King refuse to pay tax to Abbasid Governer in Khurasaan. Later King agreed to pay tax and also married his daughter to Sardar Zoarab Khan Abbasi; the Abbasid Army Chief. He received great wealth And lands from King of Kashmir and settled in his state as an Ambassador of Abbasid Dynasty. His Grave is in Darkot, a village of Kohota Tehsil of District Rawalpindi. He married to four women's and had only one son named Sultan Akbar Gaei Khan Abbasi who's grave was also next to his father grave. Sultan Akbar had eleven sons by whom their race spreads across the mountains.
Also of the predecessors of the tribe and very reverend saint Dada (grandfather as he is affectionately called in the area) Peer Malik Sooraj Khan Abbasi of Potha Sharif was a contemporary of Hazrat Bari Imam, another great saint whose mausoleum is in present day Islamabad. Bari Imam lived in the times of Mughal emperor Jahangir (1606-). This means that the Abbasis were present in considerable numbers at that time. However, it is still not clear for how long had they been living in the area before Mughal period and in what was their number.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
More reading[change | change source]
- Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology, University of Pittsburgh, 24 (3): 183–196