Dhund Abbasi

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A claimed genealogy of the Dhund Abbasi.

The Dhund Abbasi (also written Dhúnd; Urdu: دھند عباسی) is a tribe in northern Pakistan. They are mainly settled in Abbottabad District and the Murree Hills.[1][2]

The tribe speaks the Dhundi-Kairlali hill dialect of Pahari.[3]

As well as Abbottabad and Murree, there are large populations of Abbasi living in the Rawalpindi District of Punjab and the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir.[2]

Origins[change | change source]

There is a lot of speculation who the Dhunds are and where they really came from.[4]

One story is that the Dhund came from the Arabia with the armies of Muhammad bin Qasim when he invaded Sindh.[5] According to another story, they came much later, when Muhammad Ghori asked for help from the Abbasid caliph[source?].According to this spurious version of the story, they are either Arab soldiers of the Abbasid forces, or even distant relations of the Abbasids.[source?]

Another story says that they share the same ancestry as their neighbours, the Tanoli[source?]. This story says that their ancestor came to India with Timur[source?]. A descendant of this ancestor went to Kahuta during the reign of Shah Jahan[source?]. His sons were the ancestors of the Abbasi, the Tanoli, and several other modern tribes.[6]

British and most later scholars have said that these stories are probably not true.[5][7] They instead claim that all of these tribes are of local, indigenous Hindu origin.[6][8] They have said that the Dhund are closely related to the Karlal tribe also living nearby.[9] In the censuses of 1881, 1891 and 1901, many of the Dhund identified as either "Dhund" or "Rajputs".[10] Rose and others (1911) wrote that the Dhund tribespeople in Hazara claimed descent from Rajput chieftains and continued to practise Hindu customs.[6] However, Donnan wrote that this was an unusual claim and that it was generally accepted that the Dhund had converted to Islam from Hinduism.[11]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Sarwat Ali (25 June 2006). "Mystique of Murree - Review". Footloose. The News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080906181551/http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/jun2006-weekly/nos-25-06-2006/foo.htm.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Tribes and Language". Murree. http://www.murreehill.com/tribes.htm. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  3. Pahari-Potwari Ethnologue
  4. P Mayne, 'Hill Tribes on the North-West Frontier and Punjab' Lahore, 1945. Also see Mayne, 1956
  5. 5.0 5.1 Hastings Donnan (1988). Marriage Among Muslims: Preference and Choice in Northern Pakistan. International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp.; BRILL. pp. 43–47, 60. ISBN 9789004084162 . http://books.google.com.au/books?id=PL_ACoFwJ2gC&pg=PA60. "...elsewhere it is recorded that Dhund show little trace of Hindu influences (Punjab District Gazeteer, 1909a:72)."
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Horace Arthur Rose; Denzil Ibbetson; Edward Douglas Maclagan (1911). A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province. 2. Lahore: Government Printing. pp. 240–241. https://archive.org/details/glossaryoftribes03rose.
  7. Denzil Ibbetson (1916). Panjab Castes. Lahore: Government Printing. p. 152. https://archive.org/details/panjabcastes00ibbe.
  8. Hazara District Gazeteer 1883-84, pub 1884, pp. 69-70
  9. Census Report of Hazara District, 1881, with Appendices on tribal relations, alliances and origins, pp. 34, 36-37; also see Y. Gankovsky (1964) The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic Study. Lahore; and O. P. Mayne (1956) Amongst the Pathans and their neighbouring tribes. Karachi.
  10. See Donnan, 1988
  11. See Donnan

More reading[change | change source]

  • Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology (University of Pittsburgh) 24 (3): 183-196