Dhund Abbasi

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The Dhund Abbasi (also written Dhúnd; Urdu: ڈھونڈ عباسی‎) is a sub tribe of Abbasi Tribe in Northern Pakistan. They are mainly settled in Abbottabad District and the Murree Hills, Along with Tehsil Kahuta and in District Rawalpindi of Punjab Province.They are also found in District Haripur and Mansehra of Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Apart from Abbottabad and Murree, there are large populations of Dhund Abbasis living in the Bagh District and Muzaffarabad District of Azad Kashmir.[1][2][1] The tribe speaks the Dhundi-Kairlali hill dialect of Pahari-Pothwari.[3] The word Dhund was an honorary name given to one of their forefathers. To Download the pdf book related to Dhund Abbasi's history, click here [1]

Origins[change | change source]

The tribe traces its roots back to Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Uncle of Prophet Mohammad PBUH)[2]. The Dhund Abbasis are descendents of the Abbasid dynasty. The descendants of Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib assumed authority over the muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750 CE and were known as the Abbasids, this dynasty governed for 500 years from Baghdad, Iraq. The rule of the Abbasids extended eastwards across Afghanistan into the South Asian subcontinent, covering the eastern part of modern-day Pakistan. [3]

Their Ancestor Sardar Zorab Khan Abbasi (1030 AD) who was Governer General (Haki'm e Suba) & Commander of Forces in Hirat, Afghanistan during the reign of Qali Qutab Shah (Wal'ie Hirat) of Ghaznavid Empire,attacked on the state of Kashmir when the Kashmiri King refuse to pay tax to Governer in Khurasaan. When Zorab Khan reached Kashmir along with his Army,King of Kahmir agreed to pay tax and also married his daughter to Sardar Zorab Khan Abbasi,the Abbasid Army Chief. He received great wealth And lands from King of Kashmir and settled in his state as an Ambassador of Abbasid Dynasty. His Grave is in Darkot,a village of Kohota Tehsil of District Rawalpindi. He had only one son named Sardar Akbar Gaei Khan Abbasi who's grave was also next to his father grave. Sultan Akbar had twelve sons by whom his race spreads. This incident was recorded in Miraat Us Salaateen along with family tree of Zorab Khan Abbasi,a fomous hitory book written in Persian in 1836AD. [4]

Sardar Zorab Khan was the son of Taeq Shah also known as Taif Khan who was an Abbasid Commander in Khurasaan during the reign of Abbasi Caliph Al Ta'eh Li'Amr'illah who ruled from 974 to 991 AD. He later joined Subgtageen (Father of Mehmood Ghaznavi) in Khurasaan."Khan" was the title given by Ghaznavid to Abbasid in Khurasaan,as Ghaznavid Empire is affiliated from Abbasid Caliphate having good relationship with Abbasid Caliphs.

The word Dhund was an honorary name given to one of their forefather Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah Khan Abbasi by their Spritual Sheikh Hazrat Baha'ud Deen Zakria Multani. Sardar Shah Wali Ullah Khan Abbasi was also a Sufi Saint. He was the Great Grand Son of Sardar Zorab Khan Abbasi. Shah Wali's Brother name was Bhaag Khan (Forefather of Ghayyal Abbasi Tribe) living in Poonch and Bagh Districts of Azad Kashmir, along with Tehsil Kohota and Kotli Sattiyan of District Rawalpindi.

Dhunds are the largest and most prominent tribe of Murree. Historically besides Murree, tribal abode of Dhund Abbasis include parts of present day Islamabad Capital Territory, Tehsil Kahuta and Kotli Sattian of Rawalpindi, District Abbottabad, Haripur and Mansehra of KPK and Deerkot tehsil in the Bagh district of Azad Kashmir. Besides there is a large population of Dhund tribe in Kahuta tehsil, who are known as Jasgam. According to Gazetteer Rawalpindi 1893-4 they had thirteen villages in tehsil Kahuta to at the time.

According to Census of India 1881 total population of Dhund Abbasis, excluding Abbasis tribes of Kahsmir, in Rawalpindi and Hazara districts was 32690 of which 18268 lived in Rawalpindi and 14412 in Hazara. Furthermore, Abbasis' constitute overwhelming majority the population of Deerkot tehsil in Bagh district of Azad Kashmir.

Current data is not available but the total population of Dhunds (Abbasi's) in Murree and surrounding areas of Rawalpindi, Islamabad, NWFP and Azad Kashmir would be around 1000,000.

Also of the predecessors of the tribe and very reverend Saint Dada (grandfather as he is affectionately called in the area) Peer Mulk Sooraj Khan Abbasi of Potha Sharif was a contemporary of Hazrat Bari Imam, another great saint whose mausoleum is in present day Islamabad. Bari Imam lived in the times of Mughal emperor Jahangir (1606-). This means that the Abbasis were present in considerable numbers at that time.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tribes and Language". Murree. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  2. Sarwat Ali (25 June 2006). "Mystique of Murree - Review". Footloose. The News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008.
  3. Pahari-Potwari Ethnologue

More reading[change | change source]

  • Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology, University of Pittsburgh, 24 (3): 183–196