The Dhund Abbasi (also written Dhúnd; Urdu: دھند عباسی) is a tribe in northern Pakistan. They are mainly settled in Abbottabad District and the Murree Hills. The tribe speaks the Dhundi-Kairlali hill dialect of Pahari. Apart from Abbottabad and Murree, there are large populations of Abbasis living in the Rawalpindi District of Punjab and the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir.
Origins[change | change source]
There is a lot of speculation who the Dhunds are and where they really came from and there are several stories about their supposed origins.
There has been no DNA testing of the Dhund. According to one story, they came from the Middle East and are of Arabic descent. While according to another story, they came much later, with the army of Muhammad Ghori . According to both these false stories, they are either Arab soldiers of the Abbasid forces, or even distant relations of the Abbasids.[source?]
British and most later scholars have said that these stories are probably not true. They instead claim that all of these tribes are of local, indigenous Hindu origin. They have said that the Dhund are closely related to the Karlal tribe also living nearby. In the censuses of 1881, 1891 and 1901, many of the Dhund identified as either "Dhund" or "Rajputs". Rose and others (1911) wrote that the Dhund tribespeople in Hazara claimed descent from Rajput chieftains and continued to practise Hindu customs. However, Donnan wrote that this was an unusual claim and that it was generally accepted that the Dhund had converted to Islam from Hinduism.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Sarwat Ali (25 June 2006). "Mystique of Murree - Review". Footloose. The News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080906181551/http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/jun2006-weekly/nos-25-06-2006/foo.htm.
- "Tribes and Language". Murree. http://www.murreehill.com/tribes.htm. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Pahari-Potwari Ethnologue
- P Mayne, 'Hill Tribes on the North-West Frontier and Punjab' Lahore, 1945. Also see Mayne, 1956
- Hastings Donnan (1988). Marriage Among Muslims: Preference and Choice in Northern Pakistan. International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp.; BRILL. pp. 43–47, 60. ISBN 9789004084162. http://books.google.com.au/books?id=PL_ACoFwJ2gC&pg=PA60. "...elsewhere it is recorded that Dhund show little trace of Hindu influences (Punjab District Gazeteer, 1909a:72)."
- Denzil Ibbetson (1916). Panjab Castes. Lahore: Government Printing. p. 152. https://archive.org/details/panjabcastes00ibbe.
- Horace Arthur Rose; Denzil Ibbetson; Edward Douglas Maclagan (1911). A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province. 2. Lahore: Government Printing. pp. 240–241. https://archive.org/details/glossaryoftribes03rose.
- Hazara District Gazeteer 1883-84, pub 1884, pp. 69-70
- Census Report of Hazara District, 1881, with Appendices on tribal relations, alliances and origins, pp. 34, 36-37; also see Y. Gankovsky (1964) The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic Study. Lahore; and O. P. Mayne (1956) Amongst the Pathans and their neighbouring tribes. Karachi.
- See Donnan, 1988
- See Donnan
More reading[change | change source]
- Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology (University of Pittsburgh) 24 (3): 183-196