Dilma Rousseff

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Dilma Rousseff
36th President of Brazil
In office
1 January 2011 – Suspended: since 12 May 2016
Preceded by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Succeeded by Michel Temer
Personal details
Born 14 December 1947(1947-12-14)
Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Dilma Vana Rousseff (born 14 December 1947) is an economist, politician and the 36th President of Brazil. On 31 October 2010, Rousseff won 55% of the vote. Her main contender was José Serra who won 44%. Serra was the candidate of the Brazilian Social Democratic Party. On 1 January 2011, she became the first woman president of the country.[1][2] In 2003, in the government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, she was the minister of Mines and Energy. She became Lula's Chief of Staff in 2005, after her predecessor, José Dirceu, resigned because of charges of corruption.[3]

She was against the military dictatorship that governed Brazil from 1964 to 1985. In January 1970 she was sent to prison for being a member of a Marxist group which had carried out bank robberies and murders.[2][4] She was released after three years. She joined the Workers Party in 1986.

On 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially approved by the Chamber of Deputies.[5]

On 12 May 2016, the Senate of Brazil temporarily suspended President Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reaches a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[6] Vice President Michel Temer assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[7]

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